This page deals with fungi (mold, mildew). Other areas in CoOL that regularly treat of this topic are the WAAC Newsletter, Abbey Newsletter, and the Conservation DistList, and Control of Biodeterioration Newsletter (Working Group 21, ICOM Committee for Conservation)

Related topics: Pest control, Disasters, Health & Safety, Conservation resources for the general public

General resources
Fumigation and related techniques
Related works in which mold is discussed
Health issues
Resources intended for the general public
Resources at other sites


Mary Lou Florian's Fungal Facts provides a very detailed account of the taxonomy of mold, and has an excellent glossary.

Johanna G. Wellheiser, in Nonchemical Treatment Processes for Disinfestation of Insects and Fungi in Library Collections (IFLA Publications 60. K.G. Saur, New York, 1992) has a brief glossary.

Etherington and Roberts provide the following definitions


Mycolog Publications - All About Fungi includes substantial full-text and images drawn from Bryce Kendrick. The Fifth Kingdom, which exists in both print and CD versions.

General resources

Mary Lou Florian
Fungal Facts: Solving fungal problems in heritage collections, Archetype Publications, 2002 (ISBN: 1-873132-63-8)

A very thorough treatment of the subject and must reading for conservators.

Hilary A. Kaplan
Mold: A Follow-up

Ellen McCrady
Mold: The Whole Picture, Pt. 1
Mold: The Whole Picture, Pt. 2
Mold: The Whole Picture, Pt. 3
Mold: The Whole Picture, Pt. 4

National Park Service
Mold and Mildew: Prevention of Microorganism Growth In Museum Collections (Formerly issued as Conserve O Gram 3/6). Revised, July 1993. Also available in PDF version

Priority One Mitigation
Mold Prevention In Facilities

Sandra Nyberg
The Invasion of the Giant Spore, SOLINET Preservation Program, Leaflet Number 5, 1 November 1987

Olivia Primanis
Survey on Acquisition, Treatment, Access, and Storage of Moldy Materials

William Yobe & Associates
Discovered Mold -- Now What? (June 28, 2002)

Your Black Mold Guide: A Comprehensive Guide to Black Mold
While describing itself as "a website dedicated to educating home and building owners about a dangerous genus of mold, referred to in the scientific community as 'Stachybotrys'" this site has a rather substantial collection of materials that will be of interest to conservation professionals. There are dozens of succinct articles covering the causes, prevention, and health issues pertainiing to black mold (Stachybotrys chartarum) as well as coverage of inspection and remediation

Fumigation and related techniques

A Comparison of Three Gaseous Fumigants: Vikane, Ethylene Oxide and Methyl Bromide, WAAC Newsletter, Volume 2, Number 3, Sept 1980

Gagelmann, M., et al.
First results of a pilot decontamination in a PCP polluted building by means of a humidity controlled thermal process

Karen Motylewski
Non-Toxic Fumigation & Alternative Control Techniques for Preserving Cultural/Historic Properties & Collections: Notes on a Conference, Nov 1994

Related works in which mold is discussed

Chicora Foundation
Managing: The Museum Environment

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
Emergency Salvage of Flood Damaged Family Papers, August 1993

New York City Department of Health Bureau of Environmental & Occupational Disease Epidemiology
Guidelines on Assessment and Remediation of Fungi in Indoor Environments

University of Minnesota Environmental Health & Safety
Mycological Aspects of Indoor Environmental Quality

Peter Waters

Procedures for Salvage of Water Damaged Library Materials, extracts from unpublished revised text, July 1993

Health issues

Mold as a Threat to Human Health, Abbey Newsletter Volume 18, Number 6, Oct 1994

Resources intended for the general public

See also Conservation resources for the general public

American Institute for Conservation (AIC)
Tips for Water Damage to Family Heirlooms and Other Valuables, 11 May 1995

Conservation Center for Art and Historic Artifacts (CCAHA)
Managing a Mold Invasion: Guidelines for Disaster Response. Also available in Spanish. Technical Series No. 1

Library of Congress Preservation Directorate
Preservation FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

New York City Department of Health Bureau of Environmental Investigations
Facts About Mold

Northeast Document Conservation Center (NEDCC)
Beth Patkus
Emergency Salvage of Moldy Books and Paper, Technical Leaflet, Emergency Management, Section 3, Leaflet 9

Barbara Sagraves
Mold: Its Causes and How to Reduce the Threat. (This is an outline derived from Nyberg's The Invasion of the Giant Spore

State Library of Victoria
Guidelines for Dealing with Mould, Information Sheet No. 3, Preservation and Storage Division

Resources at other sites

A Virtual Exhibition of the Ravages of Dust, Water, Moulds, Fungi, Bookworms and other Pests
A general introduction to the topic, prepared by the European Commission on Preservation and Access (ECPA)

Home Air Experts
Stop Mold Growth in Your Business HVAC System, a short article with tips HVAC on maintenance

Colorado Preservation Alliance

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