Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books
A Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology

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1. A hand operation of flattening the leaves or sections of a book before sewing, the purpose of which is to compress or, in the process of rebinding, to remove the backing shoulders. See:KNOCKING OUT THE GROOVE . Books are seldom beaten today. See: BUNDLING (1) ; NIPPING (1) ; SMASHING . 2. The process of swelling and separating the fibers and fibrils of rags, wood pulp, etc., either batchwise or in a BEATER , or by passage through a REFINER . (261 , 350 )

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