Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books
A Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology

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1. Tapes or ribbons, sometimes made of leather, and usually in pairs, attached to the sides of a book close to the fore edge, and occasionally at head, tail, and fore edge, and designed to prevent the covers from warping or gaping. They often consisted of linen, about 3/4 inch wide, and were generally of a drab green color, although brown and blue were also used at times. Ties were usually threaded through a hole (not a slot) in the board and, on the inside of the cover, the end was frayed out and attached to the leather turn-in. They were frequently used on fine bindings from about 1530 to 1640, and elaborate silk ties were used on Bibles and devotional books well into the 18th century. Their use today is largely restricted to portfolios. See also: CLASPS . 2. See: TIED DOWN .

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