Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books
A Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology

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Small discs and geometrical shapes of shining metal used for the further ornamentation of embroidered bindings. Spangles were never used to any great extent on velvet, but found their greatest use on satin embroidered books. They were usually held in position either by a small section of PURL , or by a seed pearl, in both cases very effectively, so that the use of gimp or pearl was not only ornamental but served the same protective purposes as bosses. (111 )

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