Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books
A Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology

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grained up

The process or effect of raising the grain of a leather, usually by wetting and rubbing the grain side with the hand or a piece of cork, causing the grain to rise. Graining up is usually done after the leather has been pared; its purpose is to correct the flattened condition of the grain caused by the pressure of paring. "Grained up" usually refers to the process employed by the bookbinder and is not to be confused withBOARDING (1) , which is a process employed by the leather manufacturer. (97 )

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