This technique of embellishment, which may well have been the highest manifestation of the medieval bookbinder's art, was widely practiced only during the 15th century and only in certain areas, principally southeastern Germany and in Spain. No English and Flemish and practically no Italian examples are known.
The finest cuir-ciselé bindings have been identified as the work ofMAIR JAFFÉ . More recent (and excellent) examples were produced in France by MARIUS MICHEL ,c 1866. (141 , 236 , 291 , 347 )