John C. Williams, "A Review of Paper Quality and Paper Chemistry II In Conservation of Library Materials, Gerald Lundeen, ed. This is a special issue of Library Trends 30 (2), Fall 1981, p. 203-224. A clear, complete, balanced, well-documented review of this rapidly-changing field. Includes arguments for the manufacture and use of permanent/durable papers; reviews the types of deacidification. There are 60 references from the library, conservation and paper literature. Dr. William was the head of the Research and Testing Office at the Library of Congress until his retirement in 1982. Since he has made his article exempt from copyright, it can be reproduced as needed in the Advocate office for subscribers. To receive a copy, send a check for $3.00 to Abbey Publications, 320 E. Center St., Provo, UT 84601; or ask the author for a reprint (512 Braxton St., Alexandria, VA 22301).
"Three Fundamental Aspects of Cellulose Deterioration," annotated bibliographies prepared by Robert L. Feller, Sang B. Lee, and Mary Curran. Issued as a bound-in supplement to Art and Archaeology Technical Abstracts 2(l), 1985. The bibliographies are entitled:
|I.||The Mechanism by Which Cellulose Tends to be Degraded in stages|
|II.||Hemicelluloses: Their Influence on Paper Permanence|
|III.||Hot-Alkali-Soluble Matter as a Measure of Paper Quality and Degradation|
There are 62 items, arranged by date under each category, and an index of authors, published by the International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works (IIC) on 80 acid-free pages. Despite its technical nature, this work is clearly written, and the brief summaries that open each section give a paragraph to the- history of research an each mechanism. The author is Director of the Research Center on the Materials of the Artist and Conservator, Mellon Institute, 4400 Fifth Ave., Pittsburgh, PA 15213. Individual issues of AATA may be ordered at $15 (nonmembers) from AATA, The Getty Conservation Institute, 4503 Glencoe Ave., Marina del Rey, CA 90292. For IIC members, the price is $12.50 per copy.
Chandru J. Shahani and William K. Wilson. "Preservation of Libraries and Archives." American Scientist, 75: 240-251 (May-June 1987). An accurate, readable, well-printed summary of the. reasons why paper goes brittle, and what is being (and has been done) about it. Covers the history of papermaking, research on deterioration of paper, deacidification, reinforcing methods, and copying. 36 references.
Chandru J. Shahani is Research Officer at the Library of Congress; William K. Wilson, now retired, is a paper chemist associated with the National Archives and Records Administration and active in development of standards for permanent record papers. The authors may have some reprints left. Dr. Shahani's address is: Preservation Research and Testing Office, Library of Congress, Washington, DC 20540; and Mr. Wilson's address is: NNP, Rm. B5, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC 20408. The American Scientist can probably furnish that issue too: write them at 345 Whitney Ave., New Haven, CT 06511. It was their address in 1983, and it's probably still good.
In "Letter from Europe," a new column by Stéphane Ipert appearing in the Guild of Book Workers Newsletter (521 Fifth Ave-, New York, NY 10175), we learn that Canson & Montgolfier, the oldest paper mill in France, is now interested in paper permanence, and is marking their catalog to show characteristics of papers listed: whether acid-free; presence of a buffer, fungicide or optical brightener; and furnish (cotton or chemical wood). Their prices are low. The same paper company just opened a paper museum in Annonay