The Abbey Newsletter

Volume 18, Number 3
Jul 1994


[Note: Each entry is followed by a classification number, an aid to indexing by subject in the yearly index.]</p>


Automating Preservation Management in ARL Libraries. ARL SPEC Kit #198. Databases designed to control files, maintain records, and streamline workflow are being used by preservation administrators for a variety of functions from recording preservation treatments to preparing budget forecasts. This SPEC Kit reports on a survey conducted in the fall of 1993. (1G1)


Pathfinder No. 1: An Introduction to Preservation

A bibliography of about 40 items on environmental control, disaster preparedness, collections conservation, preservation in public libraries, and preservation of photographs and historical collections.(1H)

Pathfinder No. 2: Archival Storage of Paper

A guide to selecting storage enclosures and boxes for documents, pamphlets, oversized materials, and ephemera.

Pathfinder No. 3: Archival Storage of Photographic Materials

This 20-page guide gives sound, up-to-date background information on standards for materials and storage conditions, then shows in five illustrated "case studies" the kinds of enclosures that are appropriate for different formats.

All three of these "Pathfinders" are free booklets available from Gaylord Brothers (call 800/448-6160) and illustrate materials for sale by the company. On Thursdays and Fridays, the Preservation Help Line is answered by Nancy Schrock, conservator and consultant: 800/428-3631. She is the author of the three booklets. (1H)


"Asbestosmania!" (A posting to the law-lib list on the Internet by Ed Hoyer, printed in the April 1994 AALL Newsletter, p. 337-339). A horrendous tale, a true story, of everything that can go wrong or be carelessly or deliberately perpetrated during an asbestos removal project. Mr. Hoyer's telephone number is 203/397-7042, Internet: (1N)


"Writings for Archivists, 1990" (American Archivist, v. 56, Winter 1993, p. 84-128) is a bibliography of 825 publications, many of which are on preservation topics (especially on p. 85, 89, 98 and 113), prepared at the National Archives at its Archives Library Information Center (ALIC). Similar bibliographies covered 1988 and 1989 publications. This one is described as more selective than the previous ones. (2.1)

Scholarly Resources in Art History: Issues in Preservation. Report of the Seminar, Spring Hill, Wayzata, Minnesota, Sept. 29-Oct. 1, 1988. Commission on Preservation and Access, 1989. 43 pp. A case is made that the literature of art history is an important part of the history in itself, since scholars do not agree with each other or build on each other's work as scientists do. The text and the accompanying pictures must be preserved together; color microfilm is recommended. (2.6)


Jewelry History: A Core Bibliography in Support of Preservation, by Christine De Bow Klein. A Commission on Preservation and Access Report. February 1992. $12.

The author was a Fall 1991 intern, presumably at the Commission. Because of the author's apparent drive and feeling for what is important, her report has a powerful impact, even though she seems naive about some things and new to the field. She is a good spokesperson for the readers and scholars in this special field. Part of the value of this core bibliography is that the items were searched to find out how many copies existed, what other bibliographies they appeared in, whether they had been microfilmed, whether any were endangered, and whether they had been reprinted. It would have been nice if the availability and condition of the microfilm copies could have been checked too. (2.6)


"The Virtual Library: Virtually Impossible," by Walt Crawford. A 17-page paper given at the AMIGOS Fall Conference, November 1993. It will be part of a forthcoming book to be published in 1996.

The author speaks against the overuse of the phrase "virtual library" because it implies (and some would like to believe) that books and librarians will one day no longer be neces-sary, because everything a user wants or needs will be displayed on his or her workstation; or, alternatively, the traditional library would be replaced by "a combination of electronic organization, access mechanisms and electronic linkages that serves all the functions of a traditional library." He calls the librarians who seem enchanted with this vision "suicidal" because they are working to eliminate their own jobs. (2E4)


"Protocol for Microbiological Control in Buildings after Water Intrusion," by Chin S. Yang and Frank A. Lewis. Enviros--The Healthy Building Newsletter, published by Office of Environmental Hygiene, U.S. Public Health Service, Division of Federal Occupational Health, Region III (215/596-1888, fax 596-5024). The response protocol includes 16 steps to guard the health of workers, including removal of wicking building materials like drywall and insulation 12 inches above the water line; cleaning with 10% Clorox; and use of a full- or half-face respirator. Summarized in AIC News, May 1994, p. 8. (2F3.4)


Eight alternatives to Halon for fire suppression are evaluated in "Fire Suppression Update" by Chris R. Reimer and Milton R. Shefter. This is Preprint no. 135-91 of a paper presented at the 135th SMPTE (Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers) Technical Conference, Nov. 2, 1993, Los Angeles. Available from SMPTE, 592 W. Hartsdale Ave., White Plains, NY 10607.

The authors recommend FM-200, manufactured by Great Lakes Chemical, as the most viable replacement for Halon. (Similar considerations, by Barbara Roberts and Nicholas Artim, were described in the May 1993 Abbey Newsletter, p. 14b.) (2F7)


Biodeterioration of Paper and Books, by Yuliya P. Nyuksha. Library of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 1994. 230 pages, 41 figs., 214 refs. In Russian and English.

The posting on the Cons DistList from which this announcement comes did not mention the purchase price, though it did specify two methods of paying. The first is by paying cash directly at the Library of the Academy of Sciences (which must mean sending it by mail, because the address and phone are furnished):

Document Conservation Department
Library of the Russian Academy of Sciences
1 Birzhevaya Liniya
199034 St. Petersburg
Russia 812-213-15-43

The second method is "by written order using a payment document:

"Receiving Bank: VO FAO PSB RTZ 'AO PSB'', RH, SPB
Account 11000608289 MFO-171014 k 700161691"

A copy of the payment document must be sent to Dr. Larisa G. Levashova, head of the Document Conservation Department at the above address.

Dr. Nyuksha's book has something to offer to American readers, if only because it covers a topic on which there is very little written in English: the effect on humans of the pathogens that infect books. She also describes about 300 species of fungi that grow in libraries, and the processes by which they break down the materials. (2H)

"Mold Spores [sic] South Carolina Archives into Defensive Action" by Patricia A. Morris. NAGARA Clearinghouse, v.10 #1, Winter 1994, p. 1, 6-7. This describes mold outbreaks at the archives, which is housed in an inadequate building that has no fire detection or suppression in the stacks, and whose HVAC system does not work often enough or long enough at a time to protect the collection from mold infestation. (2H1.1)


Managing a Mold Invasion: Guidelines for Disaster Response. (Technical Series No. 1) Conservation Center for Art and Historic Artifacts, Philadelphia, 1994. $3.50 postpaid. 6 pp., in an attractive single-piece, foldout format on heavy cream-colored stock. The headings give an idea of the approach and emphasis:

There is a 17-item bibliography and a list of services for mold disaster recovery. (2H1.1)


Control of Biodeterioration Newsletter, No. 1, Jan. 1994. Published by Working Group 21 (Biodeterioration), ICOM Committee for Conservation. This was seen on CoOL (Conservation OnLine), but it may have an incarnate (paper) form too. To subscribe, communicate with Dr. Robert J. Koestler (tel. 212/570-3858, fax 570-3859, Internet He is the new coordinator for the group. Or read the issues as they are posted in CoOL. This first issue reported the group's meetings at the 10th triennial meeting of the ICOM Conservation Committee in Washington, DC, where the relative effectiveness of inert gases, heat and freezing were debated for insect control; also what conditions allow fungal spores to germinate. One paper from Russia, three from the U.S. and one from Canada were given, and published in the proceedings. (2H3)


Le papier permanent. (Les nouveaux enjeux du patrimoine, No. 1) CLLR (Coop/ration pour le livre en Languedoc-Roussillon) 1992. Proceedings of the Colloque de Nimes, 22-24 Nov. 1990, organized by CLLR. ISBN 2-9506684-0-2. 128 pp. (In French)

CLLR's missions are "Regional cooperation among archives, libraries and organizations of documentation for the encouragement of reading and research; for safeguarding, development and enrichment of documentary heritage." These proceedings should go a long way toward carrying out these missions, because the book is well-edited, including transcripts of the discussion following each paper, a 40-page record of a round table discussion, and two little appendixes documenting a survey of French libraries on the preservation measures they were taking. Topics covered by the papers include mass deacidification, permanent paper progress in the United Kingdom, and standards. The speakers were Jean-Marie Arnoult, Ang s Marcetteau, Astrid Brandt, David Clements and Corinne Le Bitouz/. (From the Alkaline Paper Advocate, June 1994; 3A9.4)


The Proceedings of the July 6-8 ISR Workshop on paper permanence will be available from NISO Press when it is published, at the same price that ASTM is charging: $95/volume. Call 1-800/282-NISO. (3B.1)


The ICCROM publications list for 1993, just out, is four pages long. Some of the more interesting publications (not all of them new, and not all of them published by ICCROM) are listed below. Prices given do not include shipment. Orders should be sent to ICCROM, Publications Sales Dept., Via di San Michele 13, I-00153 Rome RM, Italy. Payment may be made only by VISA, international money order or bank transferÑno personal checks, no advance payments.

Bibliography: Theses, Dissertations, Research Reports in Conservation. Compiled by G. Krist et al. 1990. xii + 284 pp. ISBN 92-9077-097-X. $20.

International Index of Conservation Research. 1988. 166 pp. ISBN 92-9077-080-5. $8.

Damp Buildings, Old and New. G. & I. Massari. $30.

Climate in Museums: Measurement. G. de Guichen. Reprinted. 1988. 80 pp. ISBN 92-9077-082-1. $8.

Solubility and Solvents for Conservation Problems. G. Torraca. 4th ed., 1990. 70 pp. ISBN 92-9077-092-9. $8.

La Conservation Préventive. Paris - 8, 9 et 10 Octobre 1992. Paris: A.R.A.A.F.U., 1992. 323 pp. ISBN 2-907465-02-3. In English and French. $70.

Environmental Monitoring and Control. SSCR. 1990. 104 pp. $15.

ICOM Committee for Conservation. [Papers from the 6th, 8th, 9th and 10th Triennial Meetings. In 4, 3, 2 and 2 volumes respectively. Cost: $50, $70, $100 and $120 respectively. Thus the cost is pretty much in inverse proportion to the number of volumes in the set.]

Modern Organic Materials. SSCR. 1990. 157 pp. $15.


The Museum Environment. Garry Thomson. London: Butterworths. 2nd ed. 1988. 293 pp. ISBN 0-408-01536-5. $80.


Science for Conservators. Book 1: An Introduction to Materials. Book 2: Cleaning. Book 3: Adhesives and Coatings. Great Britain: Routledge. 1992. $20 each. (3.1)


"Librarians and Paper Permanence," by E. McCrady. Alkaline Paper Advocate, v.6 #6, Dec. 1993, p. 48-52. Originally given as a paper at the 1990 TAPPI Neutral/ Alkaline Papermaking Short Course, Oct. 16-18, Orlando, FL, and since revised. It describes librarians' advocacy of permanent paper, including their support of Barrow's work. Graphs summarizing Barrow's and Barrett's surveys of old papers and the Yale survey of brittleness in library books show that pH alone does not explain the brittle book syndrome, because the pH of book papers at the beginning of the 19th century, a period of fairly good paper, was just as low as it was at the end, during the Era of Brittle Paper. What made the difference was the introduction of wood fiber beginning in the 1850s.

Four of the graphs, never before published, are based on the Barrow Lab's data and show trends that have been little recognized before now. (3B1.22)


North American Permanent Papers. Abbey Publications, Austin, TX, May 1994. 52 pp. ISBN 0-9622071-2-8. $7.00.

This is not the only list of permanent papers in the world, but it is very likely the longest one, with 387 entries from 28 companies. (Some of the entries are variants of the basic brand, or multiple listings for multipurpose papers. If all of the variants except the recycled cousins of virgin brands are omitted, the total is still over 350 papers.)

The list was assembled from returns to a questionnaire sent out in December 1993 to 62 paper companies in the U.S. and Canada. All the papers are said by their producers to meet the requirements of ANSI/NISO Z39.48-1992, including the low ceiling on lignin content. The amount of recycled fiber and of post-consumer waste in each paper is noted. The papers are listed three ways: by type or use of paper, by company, and by name of the paper.

In addition, there are 33 pages of background information:

How to Find the Papers (a phone number for each company is given)

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