PIGMENT ANALYSIS OF EARLY AMERICAN WATERCOLORS AND FRAKTUR
Janice H. Carlson, & John Krill
ABSTRACT—The X-ray fluorescence analysis of the pigments on eleven early American watercolors and sixteen fraktur, in three English and American paint boxes, and two fraktur painters' boxes, has established that both fraktur artists and their contemporary watercolorists used commercially available pigments. The availability of these pigments to both groups is noted not only by their actual use but also by historical evidence.
2. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
3. PIGMENT ANALYSIS