Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books
A Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology

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Venetian red

A coloring earth of a deep, reddish brown, which, in its natural form, may consist of nearly pure ferric oxide (Fe.,O) of the hematite type. It is prepared synthetically by calcining ferrous sulfate in the presence of lime. and is then known as "caput mortuum." It is used in coloring paper. Also called "India red" or "Indian red." (72 )

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