A manner of tooling in colors, usually carried out
on vellum and analogous materials, and called
"Sutherland" because of the patronage of the
Duchess of Sutherland. The process involved the
use of a resin, which was applied to the vellum.
followed by colors which were sprinkled on and
then tooled. Until this technique was introduced
by the English binder George Bagguley, in 1896.
tooling in color had never been successful and
foils, of course. did not exist.
Solid tooling was not possible, but very beautiful
and delicate tooling on bright colors with
highlights in gold was done by means of fine
gouges and pallets. Because the decoration was
much too delicate for normal handling, Bagguley
usually restricted his technique to doublures, and
even then generally vellum doublures. (94 , 236 )