Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books
A Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology

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1. The operation of inserting layers of chipboard into a book having excessive sewing swell before nipping, so as to prevent the book from starting. Also called "packing." See: START . 2. The process of incorporating grease into a tanned hide, either by hand or by drumming, so as to improve its quality or to impart special properties. DUBBIN is frequently employed in this process, although other materials are also used. The mixture spreads over the damp fibers, and penetrates into them as the leather dries. The oil enters the hide easily, while the harder fat remains on the surface or in the surface layers. Stuffing is generally used on heavy hides in lieu of FATLIQUORING . (305 , 339 , 363 )

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