Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books
A Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology

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1. A representation of the spine or sides of a book, showing the lettering bands, lines, decoration, etc. The rub is made by placing a piece of paper, tracing tissue, or linen against the part of the binding on which the impression is to be made, and rubbing it with a cobbler's heel ball, lead pencil, or soft crayon until a recognizable copy of all details is obtained. The rub is used principally in library binding to enable the binder to match sets when binding a serial publication, or when rebinding one volume of a set. Also called "pattern," or "rub-off." 2. To take an impression by rubbing a sheet of paper placed on an ink block or inked type form. (12 , 156 ).

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