Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books
A Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology

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old Dutch marble

A comb marble pattern executed by placing the colors on the size in a particular sequence and manner. The four colors, red, yellow, green, and blue, are placed in a series of small pots which are set in a frame so that they stand in a row about 3 inches apart from center to center. The total number of pots of color is determined by the length of the rake, which must be as long as the trough is wide. Two rakes are used in the execution of this marble; the first takes up the colors so they may be dropped on the size with precision, while the second is used to put the Chinese white on the size. The red is dropped first, and the second rake is then dipped in the Chinese white and lowered onto the surface of the size, each peg of the rake dropping a spot of the white onto the red, which has already spread out. The points of the first rake are then dipped into the pots of color and then placed on the surface of the size so that a single drop of color is placed as near the center of the white spots as possible. A stylus is then drawn through the center of the colors from front to back of the trough, followed by a fine or coarse comb which is drawn through the colors from left to right, causing the pattern to form with well distributed colors in even scales of red, white, yellow, green, and blue. Although probably a more mechanical pattern than virtually any other marble, the Old Dutch has been used since about the middle of the 17th century. The marble is executed on a size of GUM TRAGACANTH . See also: DUTCH MARBLE . (217 , 269 )

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