Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books
A Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology

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extra time

An hourly charge imposed by a binder or bindery, in the latter example, usually a library binder, for excessive repairs, mending, guarding, scoring, etc., beyond the extent considered "normal" for the average book. "Extra time" would normally apply to operations involved in sewing a book through the folds instead of oversewing. It may also apply to the repair and/or cleaning of water- or smoke-damaged books, or other unusual and/ or time consuming work. "Extra time" is not meant to be applied in cases of regular work involved in library binding, e.g., collating.

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