Etruscan calf ( Etruscan style )
A method of decorating calfskin bindings by acid
staining, so called because of the contrasting
colors or shades of leather (light brown or terra
cotta) in conjunction with dark brown or black
tooling. The terra cotta shades and decoration
represent Greek and Etruscan vases. Etruscan
bindings usually have a rectangular panel on each
cover, or, occasionally, a plain oval with a
classical urn in the center. They are tooled in
black, surrounded by a border of Greek palmate
leaves, which are also in black. and with outer
borders of classical design (Grecian key or Doric
entablature) tooled in gold. The spines are also
decorated with classical ornaments.
Many 19th century authorities attributed this
style to John Whitaker: however, it seems more
likely that it was the creation of WilliamEDWARDS OF HALIFAX .
There appears to be no very conclusive evidence as
to the origin of the style, but it is known that
Edwards employed it at an early date, circa 1785.
It was popular during the period 1785-1820. (69 , 94 , 97 , 158 , 280 )