your advice is, as ever, well informed sagely and intelligent. I suspect
that I'm not going to find a definitives answer here, but for your
interest, and for anyone else who may be interested, I've posted a 10sec
(wav) clip of the kind of crackle I'm hearing. this sort of thing will
continue through the full length of the recording and can be heard when
the tape is played back using multiple recorders, all of which have been
tested using other tapes, which exhibit no such problems.
filesize= 1392640 byte(s)
riffsize= 1764036 byte(s)
format = Straight-PCM
channel = 2
depth = 16 bit(s)
blk.size= 4 byte(s)
smp.rate= 44100 Hz
samples = 441000
you will note from the clip that the crackle can only be heard in the rh
channel. this is typical of the phenomenon, but it can sometimes be
heard in both channels (with a bias towards the rh ch).
I have experimented with some of the de-crackle filters I use when
working with disc transfers and as Richard suggests, the crackle can be
removed, I am however curious as to where the crackle comes from.
Richard L. Hess wrote:
Tom Fine has already posted a number of good explanations.
There are, however, less-common explanations that you may wish to be
aware of, just in case.
(1) If there is a mismatch between the record machine record and erase
head track position, perturbations in the record bias and/or erase MAY
print to a tape like this. DC-(i.e. permanent magnet) erase may also
cause something like this, but it is usually more of a "burbling" or
what is sometimes called "rocks".
(2) Static electricity and PLAYBACK machine "glitches" CAN print to a
tape without the recorder being in record mode. It's uncommon
(thankfully), but it can happen. Static can be generated by fast
winding in a very dry environment, and depends on cassette materials
including the shell and slip sheets. This is more prevalent with reels
This clicks can usually be removed (depending on their source) by a
declick/decrackle plug-in for your favourite DAW. The Magix
restoration tools version of this is the best I've yet owned, but I
haven't owned either DC7 nor the high-end Algorithmix version.
At 08:53 AM 2008-09-18, Mike Hirst
Here's a thing that's been confusing me for some time. I have spent
the past six months working my way through a large number of cassette
tapes mostly recorded between 1985 and 1995. every now and again I
notice light, but significant crackling. This is often more
noticeable in the right channel, but not exclusively so. On some
recordings this is louder, on most recordings this is not evident at
all. This is not restricted to any one brand of cassette, nor is it
associated with any one playback machine and/or soundcard. Can anyone
explain this for me?
Richard L. Hess email: richard@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Aurora, Ontario, Canada (905) 713 6733 1-877-TAPE-FIX
Detailed contact information: http://www.richardhess.com/tape/contact.htm
Quality tape transfers -- even from hard-to-play tapes.