The following bibliography is an informal, cooperative project of the Visual Materials Section of the Society of American Archivists. It is not, however, an official publication of the Society.
The bibliography is intended to identify and describe works useful to photographic archivists and historians. It is not intended to be an exhaustive guide to all photographic literature; the principal emphasis is on specialized works useful for research and archival control, though it includes a number of basic introductory works.
Citations are contributed by members of the Visual Materials Section and other users of this bibliography. Individuals who use this bibliography are requested to submit a citation to a work they find useful and appropriate to the list as "payment." Please send a complete bibliographic citation with an abstract to Richard Pearce-Moses at the address below. As editor I take all blame for all uncredited annotations in the bibliography, and I even accept responsibility for butchering the other contributors' lovely prose in an effort to get it to conform to some semblance of consistent style.
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Richard Pearce-Moses University Libraries IACRPM@ASUACAD.BITNET Arizona State University IACRPM@ASUVM.INRE.ASU.EDU Tempe, Arizona 85287-1006 602/965-9276 Other Contributors/Sources: DLD Donna Longo DiMichele / Duke GS Gary Saretzky / ETS PJ Philip Jackson / Australia PS Peter Stokes / Nottingham Trent MELVYL Univ. of California Catalog
The following outline describes the organization of this bibliography. Not all sections have entries at this time. Some section overlap; readers should check all sections for relevant entries. Variant editions have been noted in some instances. Descriptions of the different editions sometime are taken from the National Union Catalog or the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) Online Union Catalog rather than from inspection of physical works; in these cases, discrepancies in description may lie with the original cataloging agency.
1. History and General Works 1.A. Reference works (encyclopedias, dictionaries) 1.B. Discursive Texts 1.C. Serials and indices to periodical literature 2. Aesthetics, Criticism, and Interpretation 3. Photographic Chemistry, Processes, and Technical Manuals 4. Equipment 5. Photographers (Biographies, Directories) 6. Preservation/Conservation 7. Archives/Collections management 7.A. General works 7.B. Cataloging standards and tools 8. Collection Guides 9. Exhibit catalogs 10. Video disks
1.A. HISTORY AND GENERAL WORKS--REFERENCE WORKS (ENCYCLOPEDIAS, DICTIONARIES) Brown, George E. "Photographic Words and Phrases," in The Photo-Miniature 25:169 (March 1918). "A practical dictionary of the technical words and phrases used in current photography and what they mean." The glossary does not include names of chemicals, trade names, or names of processes obsolete at the time of publication. Coe, Brian, and Mark Haworth-Booth. A Guide to Early Photographic Processes. London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1983. 112 pp., illus. Contains illustrations of the major processes; a commentary on the plates; an identification key; a chart indicating the periods at which the processes flourished; and notes on the care of photographs. [PJ] Eastman Kodak Company. International Glossary of Photographic Terms. Rochester, N.Y.: Eastman Kodak, 1973. 96 pp., illus. Terms and definitions in English, French, Italian, German, Spanish, Dutch, Portuguese, and Swedish. Arranged by the English term, with indices for the other languages. Ehrlich, Richard. Dictionary of Photography. Essex, England: Longman Group, 1984. 183 pp., illus. A concise work useful as a desk reference; includes definitions for techniques, equipment, processes, and biographies. [DLD] The Focal Encyclopedia of Photography. Fully revised edition. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1977 (c1965). 2 v. (xlviii, 1,699 pp.), illus. _____. Revised Desk Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1969. xi, 1,699 pp., illus. _____. London, New York: Focal Press, 1965. 2 v. (xlviii, 1,699 pp., illus.) _____. Desk edition. New York: Macmillan, . 1,298 pp., illus. _____. New York: Macmillan, 1956. xxxii, 1,298 pp., illus. Both the 1965 and 1977 editions are described as "Fully revised." Guerronnan, Anthonny. Dictionnaire Synonymique: Francais, Allemand, Anglais, Italien et Latin des mots techniques et scientifiques emplyes en photographie. Paris: Gauthier-Villars et Fils, 1895. Terms are arranged alphabetically in French with definitions in French; German, English, Italian, and Latin translations are listed below the definitions. Separate language indices are provided. Heighway, William. The Handbook of Photographic Terms: An alphabetical arrangement of the Processes, Formulae, Applications, etc., of Photography, for Ready Reference. London: Piper and Carter, 1880. International Center of Photography. Encyclopedia of Photography. New York: Crown, 1984. 607 pp., illus. An overview in 1,300 entries of the communicative, technical, scientific, and commercial applications of contemporary photography, including processes, techniques, aesthetics, and connoisseurship. Also includes some 350 biographical entries of photographers born before 1940 "whose work has shaped and defined the expressive and communicative uses of the medium" (Preface), and of scientists, inventors, and others who have contributed to the field. Appendix I includes brief biographical notes on some 2,500 others. [DLD] Jones, Bernard E., ed. The Cyclopadia of Photography. London: Waverly Book Company, 1911. _____. London: Bishopsgate Press, 1981. 572 pp., illus. Note: In spite of the imprint of the Waverly Book Company on the title page, Cassell and Company, the publisher of subsequent editions of the work, is referenced at the head of the textblock in the heading "Cassell's Cyclopadia of Photography." Other editions: London: Cassell and Company, 1912. New York: Arno Press, 1974; facsimile reproduction of a 1911 edition published by Cassell and Company with an introduction by Peter C. Bunnell and Robert Sobieszek. "The object has been to include every accepted photographic term and to survey the whole field of photographic knowledge, whilst giving particular attention to the requirements of the working photographer, both amateur and professional. This cyclopadia is intended essentially as a simple guide to photographic practice, whatever else it may be. In all cases where the process described is commonly used, or is likely to be worked nowadays, working directions and definite formulae are given." (p. vii.) The Modern Encyclopedia of Photography: A Standard Work of Reference for Amateur and Professional Photographers. London: Amalgamated Press, . Associate editors S. G. Blaxland Stubbs, F. J. Mortimer, and Gordon S. Malthouse. Helmut Gernsheim notes the first edition was issued as a weekly serial and bound by the Amalgamated Press in two volumes with title pages. The second edition was published by Waverly Press in two volumes. Articles are arranged alphabetically. Many articles are extensive, covering a wide range of topics; e.g., "Colour photography," which includes essays on different processes and many trade name processes. Includes a comprehensive index. Nadeau, Luis. Encyclopedia of Printing, Photographic and Photomechanical Processes, 2 vol. New Brunswick, Canada: 1988. Pinkard, Bruce. The Photographer's Dictionary. London: B. T. Batsford, 1982. Alphabetically arranged essays on photographers, photographic manufacturers, the history and chronology of photography, and photographic techniques and processes. Articles range from such broad, over-reaching topics as "Photography for the First Time" and "Focusing the Camera" to technical discussions on Color. The book is primarily contemporary in scope, although a few historically significant topics are included. [RPM] Snelling, Henry Hunt. A Dictionary of Photographic Art [with] A Comprehensive and Systematic Catalogue of Photographic Apparatus and Material, Manufactured, Imported, and Sold by E. Anthony. New York: Arno Press, 1979 (c1854). Sowerby, A. L. M. (Arthur Linday McRae). Dictionary of Photography... See: Wall, E. J. A Dictionary of Photography... Spencer, D. A. The Focal Dictionary of Photographic Technologies. London: Focal Press, 1973. Stroebel, Leslie, and Hollis N. Todd. Dictionary of Contemporary Photography. Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.: Morgan & Morgan, . Sutton, Thomas. A Dictionary of Photography. London: Sampson Low, Son, and Company, 1858. "This Dictionary of Photography contains a minute account of the principal photographic processes now in use, and a description of the various substances employed by the photographer, together with an explanation of optical terms, the theory of lenses, rules of perspective, &c. No account, however, has been given of such common forms of apparatus as may be seen at every photographic depot in the kingdom.... In my description of the several processes I have given those formula which, while they produce the best results, involve the simplest manipulations and fewest materials, rejecting all such modifications as appear to be unsupported by sound reasoning and conclusive experiments.... "This is, I believe, the first Photographic Dictionary that has been published in Europe. A similar work was issued some years ago in America, but I have not been able to procure a copy of it." (pp. v-vii.) Other editions: 2nd ed.; Sutton, Thomas, and George Dawson, A Dictionary of Photography (London: Sampson Low, Son, and Marston, 1867). The work has been condensed to make it "as practical as possible;" the editors "have eliminated the debatable theories and speculative articles which occupied a prominent position, especially in the first part of the previous edition, and they have abridged other articles which, at the present time, are of less importance to photographers than they were in the year 1858." Wall, E. J. (Edward John) A Dictionary of Photography for Amateur and Professional Photographer: Containing Concise Elementary Articles, Illustrated by many Specially Prepared Diagrams (London: Hazell, Watson, & Viney, 1889). Originally published serially in the Amateur Photographer. It was revised when published in book form. Portions of some entries appear to be taken verbatim from Dawson's Manual of Photography. 2nd ed., 1890. The Dictionary of Photography and Reference Book for Amateur and Professional Photographers / by E. J. Wall. London: Hazell, Watson, & Viney. 313 pp., illus. [MELVYL] 6th ed, 1895. In the Preface, Wall notes that the fourth and fifth editions were issued without revisions. The title page includes the note "Mostly rewritten and greatly enlarged." Contains an appendix of Plate-Maker's Formula, including "the formula and working directions for all, or nearly all, of the commercial varieties of plates and papers." Additional indices include various tables of chemical formulas and a multilingual list of synonyms. 8th ed., 1902. The Dictionary of Photography and Reference Book for Amateur and Professional Photographers / by E. J. Wall; revised and brought up to date by Thos. Bolas. London: Hazell, Watson & Viney. iv, 656 pp., illus. [MELVYL] 10th ed., . Edited and largely rewritten by F. J. Mortimer. London: Iliffe & Sons. iii, 693 pp., illus. Contains Greek roots for some headings. 11th ed., . 3, 674 p., illus. 13th ed., . 14th ed., 1937. Boston: American Photographic Publishing Co. 634 pp., illus. [MELVYL] 16th ed., . Wall's Dictionary of Photography and Reference Book for Amateur and Professional Photographers. Edited by F. J. Mortimer. London: Published for the Amateur Photographer by the Fountain Press. Revised and largely rewritten by A. L. M. Sowerby. [MELVYL] 18th ed. Sowerby, A. L. M. (Arthur Linday McRae). Dictionary of Photography: A Reference Books for Amateur and Professionary Photographers. London: Iliffe, . vi, 719 pp., illus. [MELVYL] 19th ed. 1961. vi, 715 pp., illus. "Edited and largely rewritten by Sowerby" (tp). [MELVYL] Woodbury, Walter E. The Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Photography. New York: Arno Press, 1979 (c1879). 1.B. HISTORY AND GENERAL WORKS--DISCURSIVE TEXTS Clerc, L[ouis] P[hilippe]. Photography: Theory and Practice: Being an English Edition of "La Technique Photographique". Edited by George E. Brown. Bath, Melbourne, Toronto, New York: Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons; London: Henry Greenwood & Co., 1930). "This book does not represent an attempt to compile an encyclopadia, a work of a kind which is always loaded with descriptions of obsolete methods and appliances and the details of numerous applications of interest only to a few technical people. The author's aim has been to bring into one volume as complete a treatise as possible on modern working methods and apparatus in conjunction with the minimum of theoretical considerations which he considers necessary for their proper understanding. "Since the publication in 1926 of the original French edition, the author has mad a considerable number of additions and corrections which are embodied in the present English translation." --Preface. Includes an extensive chronology of technological developments of photography. 2nd ed., 1937. New York and Chicago: Pittman Publishing. Reprinted, 1940, 1942, 1944. Eder, Josef Maria; Edward Epstein, trans. The History of Photography. New York: Columbia University Press, 1945. Translation of Geschicte der Photographie, 4th ed., 1932. _____. New York: Dover, 1978. Reprint. Emphasizes inventions and the technical evolution of photography with some information on important figures. An excellent discussion of nineteenth-century topics. Gernsheim, Helmut. The History of Photography from the Camera Obscura to the Beginning of the Modern Era. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, . First edition published in 1955 by the Oxford University Press under title: The history of photography from the earliest use of the camera obscura in the eleventh century up to 1914. Republished as a second edition by London: Thames & Hudson and New York: McGraw-Hill in 1969 in a new and enlarged edition. Third edition published in three volumes by Thames & Hudson as The Origins of Photography and The Rise of Photography; the third volume as yet unpublished. One of the most important histories of photography, touching on virtually every topic and personality associated with the medium. The work reflects Gernsheim's biases, which largely parallel material that he could acquire for his collection of original photographs. A significant European emphasis. [RPM] The continental outlook and disciplines that make him so exemplary in that respect combine with the historical views of his generation to make him most inflexible in interpretation. I'd urge anyone to read him on whatever they're most familiar with by their own direct experience, and then see if his conclusions stand the comparative test. [P Stokes] Gernsheim, Helmut; edited by John X. Berger. Incunabula of British Photographic Literature: A Bibliography of British Photographic Literature 1839 - 75 and British Books Illustrated with Original Photographs. London: Scholar Press in association with Derbyshire College of Higher Education, 1984. 159 pp.; illus. A bibliography of 635 titles which were illustrated with photographic prints tipped in. The Preface includes a good discussion of the use of illustration with original prints from 1843 - 1875. This volume is useful for access to books for which, because of the significance of their illustrations, the photographer is considered the primary author. [DLD] Gernsheim, Helmut. The Origins of Photography. Rev. 3rd ed. Volume 1 in his series, The History of Photography. London: Thames and Hudson, 1982. Gernsheim, Helmut. The Rise of Photography: 1850-1880, the Age of Collodion. Rev. 3rd ed. Volume 2 in his series, The History of Photography. London, New York: Thames & Hudson, 1988, c1987. Lemagny, Jean-Claude, and Andre Rouille. A History of Photography: Social and Cultural Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987. First published as Histoire de la Photography (Paris: Bolas, 1986). Mees, C. E. Kenneth. From Dry Plates to Ektachrome Film: A Story of Photographic Research. New York: Ziff-Davis, 1961. Neblette, C. B. Photography: Its Materials and Processes, 6th ed. New York: D. Van Nostrand, 1962. First edition, 1927. Fifth edition, 1952. Extensively revised with each edition, older editions deal with contemporaneous information in greater detail. Emphasis is on the technical aspects of the medium, with virtually no attention given to its aesthetics either as a fine art or commercial enterprise. Newhall, Beaumont. The History of Photography: From 1839 to the Present. 5th ed. Boston: Little, Brown and Company; New York Graphic Society Books for the Museum of Modern Art, 1982. Based on the exhibition catalog, Photography, 1839-1937, originally published in 1937, and first published in with revised and expanded text under its current title in 1938. Newhall is a leading historian of photography. His opinions, largely influenced by Alfred Stieglitz, defined the aesthetics of the medium for most of the twentieth century. A distinct American bias, the work reflects a modernist interpretation of the medium's aesthetics, largely ignoring those areas of the medium not considered fine art. Important for understanding Stieglitz and the Photo-Secession. Sandweiss, Martha A., ed. Photography in Nineteenth-Century America. Fort Worth, Texas: Amon Carter Museum, and New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1991. With essays by Alan Trachtenberg, Barbara McCandless, Martha A. Sandweiss, Keith F. Davis, Peter Bacon Hales, and Sarah Greenough. Shaw, Susan. Overexposure: Health Hazards in Photography. Carmel, Calif.: Friends of Photography, 1983. Sturgis, John, Vivian Walworth, and Allan Shepp, ed. Imaging Processes and Materials: Neblette's Eighth Edition. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1989. xvi+712 pp., ill., bib., index. A continuation C. B. Neblette's regularly revised Photographs: Its Materials and Processes, which changed titles under Sturgis' editorship of the seventh edition, Neblette's Handbook of Photography and Reprography: Materials, Systems, and Processes (1977). Contents: 1. Introduction to images and imaging, 2. Electronic imaging, 3. Silver halide imaging, 4. Color photography, 5. Electrophotography, 6. Instant photography and related reprographic processes, 7. Polymer imaging, 8. Low amplification imaging systems, 9. Thermally processed silver systems, 10. Image scanning and digitization, 11. Image compression and transmission, 12. Image storage technologies, 13. Non-impact printing technologies, 14. Recording electronic images on film, 15. Aerial imaging systems, 16. Imaging for graphic arts, 17. Medical imaging, 18. Imaging for microfabrications, 19. A critique of imaging systems, 20. The stability and preservation of recorded images. Taft, Robert. Photography and the American Scene: A Social History, 1839- 1889. New York: Dover, 1964 (c1938). An excellent source for information on the evolution of a medium in the country, with technical information on processes and biographical information on leading individuals in the medium. 1.C. SERIALS AND INDICES TO PERIODICAL LITERATURE Boni, Albert. Photographic Literature: An International Bibliographic Guide to General & Specialized Literature on Photographic Processes, Techniques, Theory, Chemistry, Physics, Apparatus, Materials & Applications, Industry, History, Biography, Aesthetics. New York: Morgan & Morgan in association with R. R. Bowker, 1962. 333 pp. _____. Photographic Literature, 1960-1970: An International Bibliographic Guide to General & Specialized Literature on Photographic Processes, Techniques, Theory, Chemistry, Physics, Apparatus, Materials & Applications, Industry, History, Biography, Aesthetics, etc. [1st supplemental volume]. Hastings-on-Hudson: Morgan & Morgan, . 535 pp. Compiled to aid research in the scientific aspects of photography, these volumes contain more than 12,000 citations to books, periodical articles, and pamphlets; arranged by subject headings. Included biographies of the most prominent persons in the field. [DLD] History of Photography. London: Taylor & Francis. 1:1 (January 1977) to the present. Heidtmann, Frank. Bibliographie der Photographie: deutschsprachige Publikationen der Jahre 1839-1984 ; Technik, Theorie, Bild = Bibliography of German-language photographic publications 1839-1934; technology, theory, visual. Munchen and New York: Saur, 1989. 2 v. 1st ed. has title: Die deutsche Photoliteratur 1839-1978. Image. Rochester, New York: International Museum of Photography at the George Eastman House. 1:1 (January 1952) to the present. Imaging Abstracts. Elmsford, New York: Pergamon Press, 1988 - . _____. Also available on magnetic tape and via ORBIT search services. Compiled and edited by the Scientific and Technical Group of the Royal Photographic Society of Great Britain. More than 55,000 citations with abstracts of technical and scientific literature, including techniques and processing, theory, equipment, and film; worldwide coverage for all languages. Updated bimonthly, adding approximately 5,000 citations per year. [DLD] An Index to Articles on Photography, 1978. William S. Johnson, ed. Rochester, New York: Visual Studies Workshop in collaboration with the Center for Creative Photography, 1980. Continued by the International Photography Index. International Photography Index. William S. Johnson, ed.; Susan E. Cohen, assoc. ed. Boston, Mass.: G. K. Hall, 1979 - 1981. Continues An Index to Articles on Photography. See entries under Johnson for related works. Citations for English and other languages arranged topically. Approximately 6,000 citations per volume. [DLD] Johnson, William S. Nineteenth-Century Photography: An Annotated Bibliography, 1839-1879. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1990. xv+962 pp., index. _____. London: Mansell, 1990. See entries under International Photography Index for related works. Almost 21,000 annotated bibliographic entries for books and periodical articles covering a wide range of publications. The works cited are about photography's first four decades, though they may have were written 1839 to the turn of the century; a proposed second volume will cover 1880 to 1918. Entries are arranged under headings for artist or author, history, locale, equipment, applications, and usage. [DLD] Karpel, Bernard, ed. Arts in America: A Bibliography. Washington, D.C.: Published for the Archives of American Art by the Smithsonian Institution Press, 1979. 4 v. V.1. Art of the Native Americans, architecture, decorative arts, design, sculptures, art of the West, v. 2. Painting and graphic arts, v.3. Photography, film, theater, dance, music, serials and periodicals, dissertations and theses, visual resources, v. 4. General index. RILA : Repertoire International de la Litterature de l'Art = International Repertory of the Literature of Art. [Williamstown, Mass.]: J. Paul Getty Museum. Roosens, Laurent, and Luc Salu. History of Photography: A Bibliography of Books. London and New York: Mansell, 1989. 446 pp., index. International in scope, containing some 11,000 citations in twelve languages from 1839 through the 1980s, this work includes exhibition catalogs, brochures, company literature, and off-prints from photographic and non-photographic periodicals. Arranged by subject headings and chronology. The editors tried to be comprehensive for works published before 1914, but they required later works to emphasize the history of photography and be substantive for original contri- butions to the field or in special topics. Useful for biographical information on photographers and individuals associated with the field, for bibliographic citations, and for historical research. [DLD] Sennett, Robert S. The Nineteenth-century Photographic Press: A Study Guide. New York: Garland, 1987. 97 p., index, bib. Garland reference library of the humanities ; vol. 694 Visual Resources: An International Journal of Documentation. Includes an annual bibliography--usually in the second issue of each volume--of books and articles concerned with the history and use of visual documentation, the organization of visual collections, and the impact of the new technology on visual collections; includes media other than photography. [Helena Roberts] Wilson Indexes. Art Index. Bronx, New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1984 - . Humanities Index. Bronx, New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1983 - . These indices are available in hardcopy, CD-ROM, and on-line; the electronic versions are updated twice weekly. Both include journal articles and book reviews; indexed by subject headings. [DLD] 2. AESTHETICS, CRITICISM, AND INTERPRETATION Coleman, A. D. Light Readings: A Photography Critic's Writings, 1968-1978. New York: Oxford University Press, 1979. Flusser, Vilem. Towards a Philosophy of Photography. Gottingen: Eurpoean Photography, 1984. The late and missed Flusser is that rare writer who can synthesise the most complex conceptual matters into a form which is not only elegant but satisfyingly useful. He identifies aspects of photographic aesthetics with magical thought. [P Stokes] McLaughlin, Robert Bishop. "Evaluation of Historical Photographs: Considerations for Visual Resource Curators and Librarians in Museums and Archives," Art Documentation, 5:3. Rudisill, Richard. ``On Reading Photographs,'' Journal of American Culture 5:3 (Fall, 1982). 3. PHOTOGRAPHIC CHEMISTRY, PROCESSES, AND TECHNICAL MANUALS Brothers, A. Photography: Its History, Processes, Apparatus, and Materials Comprising Working Details of All the More Important Methods. London: Charles Griffin, 1892. [PJ] ______. 2nd ed. London: Griffin, 1899. (Spine title: Manual of Photography). [PJ] Eder, Josef Maria. Ausfuhrliches Handbuch fur Photographie. Halle a.S.: Wilhelm Knapp, 1882-1888. 2nd edition, 1891, 1892, 1898. 3rd edition, 1886, ca. 1905-ca. 1927. 4th ed., 1893, ca. 1932. 5th ed., 1903. Eder's Handbuch is organized into parts which were published serially. The first edition is divided into two Theil (volumes), then subdivided into eight Heftes (books), each of which were further subdivided into Capitels (chapters). The organization of the parts is confused by inconsistent terminology within editions. Later editions generally maintained the intellectual organization of the books, although additional books were added, numbering changed, and different emphasis was given to different topics as photographic chemistry evolved. Eder includes a listing of literature at the head of each chapter. Friedman, Joseph S. History of Color Photography, 2 ed. London, New York: Focal Press, 1968. First published in 1944 and reprinted in 1956 by the American Photographic Publishing Company, Boston. Hardwich, T[homas] Frederick. A Manual of Photographic Chemistry, including the Practice of the Collodion Process. London: John Churchill, 1855. [1st ed.?] _____. 3rd ed. 1856. _____. 4th ed. London: J. Churchill, 1857. New York: S. D. Humphrey, 1858. New York: H. H. Snelling, 1858. _____. 5th ed. 1859. _____. 6th ed. London: J. Churchill, 1861. _____. 9th ed. Edited by J. Traill Taylor. London: J. & A. Churchill, 1883. Continued by George Dawson, A Manual of Photography (London: John Churchill, 1873). Hunt, Robert. A Manual of Photography. New York: Arno Press, 1973. Facsimile edition of the 1853 ed. published by London: John Joseph Griffin & Co. Meldola, Raphael. The Chemistry of Photography. London: Macmillan and Co., 1889. Morrison, R. C. A Chemical History of Nineteenth-century Photography. Rochester, N.Y.: GARC/RIT, . TEC/GA/RIT #3210-81. 5. PHOTOGRAPHERS (BIOGRAPHIES, DIRECTORIES) Beaton, Cecil, and Gail Buckland. The Magic Image: The Genius of Photography from 1839 to the Present Day. Boston: Little, Brown, 1975. 304 pp., illus. Contains 208 critical biographies arranged roughly in the order of the subject's birth, accompanied by an alphabetical index to entries. Each subject is given a brief resume with an essay on his/her life and work and illustrations of work. Includes a short glossary. [DLD] Browne, Turner, and Elaine Partnow. Macmillan Biographical Encyclopedia of Photographic Artists & Innovators. New York: Macmillan; London: Collier Macmillan, c1983. 772 pp., illus. More than 2,000 entries of photographers, teachers, chemists, writers, art dealers, photohistorians, lecturers, and others "whose contributions to the field have proved vital to its growth and advancement" (Preface). Roughly a quarter of the entries are historical, the remainder given to contemporary individuals. In addition to information about the individuals, includes publications by and about them, repositories holding their work, memberships, awards, dealers, and their addresses. [DLD] Edwards, Gary. International Guide to Nineteenth-Century Photographers and Their Works. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1988. 591 pp. Compiled from more than 300 dealers catalogs published from 1903 to 1986. Entries for each photographer note their appearance in catalogs, if illustrated, the number of items in the lot, and if the catalog included notes. Edwards supplements each photographers' entry with nationality, dates, contributions to the field, processes used, and other similar information. [DLD] Eskind, Andrew, and Greg Drake, eds. Index to American Photographic Collections: Compiled at the International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House. 2nd ed. Boston, Mass.: G. K. Hall, 1990. 701 pp. Update of McQuaid and Wilson's 1982 index. Based on 540 institutions and their collective total of 32,465 collections of photographs, this index can be used for biographical information on photographers or for listings of collections of their photographs. Includes the photographer's life dates, nationality, and number of images held by each institution. May be useful for establishing AACR2 name authority forms. [DLD] Mathews, Oliver. Early Photographs and Photographers: A Survey in Dictionary Form. London: Reedminster, 1973. 198 pp., illus. Some 100 brief biographical entries noting the dates, nationality, and other basic facts on the subjects; the work is international in scope and emphasizes major nineteenth century photographers. [DLD] Mautz, Carl. Checklist of Western Photographers: A Reference Workbook. 3rd ed. Brownsville, Calif.: Folk Image Pub., 1986, c1975. McQuaid, James, and Pauline Privitera Wilson, eds. An Index to American Photographic Collections: Compiled at the International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House. Boston, Mass: G. K. Hall, 1982. See Andrew Eskind and Greg Davis for second edition. Moutoussamy-Ashe, Jeanne. Viewfinders: Black Women Photographers. New York: Dodd, Mead, c1986. Palmquist, Peter E. A Bibliography of Writings By and About Women in Photography. Arcata, Calif.: The author, 1990. Palmquist, Peter E., ed. Photographers: A Sourcebook for Historical Research. Brownsville, Calif.: Carl Mautz, 1992. 103 pp., illus. Includes Richard Rudisill's "Directories of Photographers: An Annotated World Bibliography," an invaluable resource for locating biographical and career information about photographers. Arranged in two parts, published works and works in progress; each is arranged geographically. Six other articles describe how to conduct biographical research using directories and other sources. [DLD] Rudisill, Richard. Photographers of the New Mexico Territory, 1854 - 1912. [Santa Fe: Museum of New Mexico, c1973.] Rule, Amy (nee Stark). Researching Photographers. Tucson, Ariz.: Center for Creative Photography, 1984. Sennett, Robert S. Photography and Photographers to 1900: An Annotated Bibliography. New York: Garland, 1985. A well-defined scope and classification system distinguishes this bibliography of 409 citations from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Organized by general works, early technical treatises, early theoretical treatises, monographs on photographers, early views and topographical surveys, and addendum. Annotated, with cross-references to other entries and sometimes with contemporary or retrospective reviews of the works by noted authorities. [DLD] Walsh, George, Colin Naylor, and Michael Held, ed. Contemporary Photographers. New York: St. Martin's Press, . 837 pp., illus. _____. Colin Naylor, ed. 2nd ed. London: St. James Press, Reference Publishers International, 1988. 1,145 pp., illus. Biographies of the "best and most prominent" 750 photographers selected by an international board of advisers from a variety of photographic specialties. Also includes listings of individual and group exhibitions, collections, bibliographies of works by and about the photographer, and a critical essay. Living photographers were invited to submit a statement about their work, or photography in general, and a photograph. [DLD] Willis-Thomas, Deborah. An Illustrated Bio-bibliography of Black Photographers, 1940 - 1988. New York: Garland, 1989. xiv, 483 pp., illus., bib. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities; vol. 760. Willis-Thomas, Deborah. Black Photographers, 1840 - 1940: An Illustrated Bio-bibliography. New York: Garland, 1985. 141 pp., illus. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities; vol. 401. There are 65 biographies, divided into three chronological divisions which represent various formats and genres that were popular for a given period. The alphabetically arranged entries include the photographer's or studio's name, life and active dates, locale, principal subjects, processes used, extant collections, exhibitions, and a selected bibliography. Index by name, locale, and collections. 6. PRESERVATION AND CONSERVATION American National Standards Institute. Various publications, typically classified under ANSI code PH4. Clapp, Anne F. Reading List for Students in Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works on Paper and Photographs. 1980. 39 pp. Available from the AIC National Office, Washington, D.C. Originally compiled in 1976 by Anne F. Clapp with contributions by Roy L. Perkinson, Antoinette King, Marjorie B. Cohn and Paul N. Banks. Amended in 1980 by Anne F. Clapp with the help of Roy L. Perkinson. The bibliography on the conservation of photographs was compiled by Jose Orraca. Edited by Mary S. Cash, Winterthur Museum, Winterthur, Delaware. Eaton, George. "Preservation, deterioration, restoration of photographic images," Library Quarterly 40 (Jan 1980), pp. 85-98. Hendriks, Klaus B., and Brian Lesser, "Disaster Preparedness and Recovery: Photographic Materials," in American Archivist 46:1 (Winter 1983), pp. 52-68. Hendriks, Klaus B.; with Brian Thurgood, Joe Iracl, Brian Lesser, and Greg Hill. Fundamentals of Photograph Conservation: A Study Guide. Toronto: Lugus Publications in cooperation with the National Archives of Canada and the Canadian Communications Group-Publishing, Supply, and Service, 1991. Horvath, David. "The Acetate Negative Survey: Final Report:" A Project Funded by the University of Louisville and the National Museum Act. Louisville, Ky: Photographic Archives, Eckstron Library, University of Louisville, 1987. Unpublished report which received limited distribution. A history and analysis of acetate negatives, their stability, and recommendations for preservation. Includes a guide to notch codes. 91 pp. Lesk, Michael. Image Formats for Preservation and Access: A Report of the Technology Assessment Advisory Committee to the Commission on Preservation and Access. Washington, D.C.: the Commission, 1990. 10 pp. Introduction and assessment of alternative means of preservation, including deacidification, microfilm, digital imagery, and conversion to ASCII. Emphasis is on the problems of electronic storage, including magnetic disk, optical WORM, digital video tape, digital audio tape, conventional magnetic tape, CD-ROM, magneto-optical erasable disk, and digital paper. McCarthy, Paul H., and R. Bruce Parham. "Photomicrofiche: A Conservation Tool," Microform Review 16:2 (Spring 1987), 8 pp. Orth, Thomas, and John Sippel; Patricia Knittel, ed. A Selected Bibliography on Photographic Conservation, January 1975-December 1980. Rochester, N.Y.: Technical and Education Center of the Graphic Arts, College of Graphic Arts and Photography, Rochester Institute of Technology, 1981. 20 pp. Parker, Elisabeth Betz. "The Library of Congress Non-Print Optical Disk Pilot Program," Information Technology and Libraries 4:4 (Dec 1985), 11 pp. Poro, Jennifer, ed. Photograph Preservation and the Research Library. Moutain View, Calif.: Research Libraries Group, 1991. Proceedings of Conservation in Archives. International Symposium, Ottawa, May 10-12, 1988. Reilly, James M. Care and Identification of 19th-Century Photographic Prints. Rochester, New York: Eastman Kodak, 1986. Kodak publication G-2S. Saretzky, Gary. "Recent Photographic Conservation and Preservation Literature," Picturescope 32:4 (Winter 1987), pp. 117 - 132. Includes a length bibliography. [GS] Saretzky, Gary. "Bibliographies and Databases for Research on the Preservation of Aural and Graphic Records," Picturescope 31:4 (Winter 1985). [GS] Society of Photographic Scientists and Engineers. Second International Symposium: The Stability and Preservation of Photographic Images. Springfield, Va.: Society of Photographic Scientists and Engineers, 1985. 7.A ARCHIVES AND COLLECTIONS MANAGEMENT--GENERAL WORKS Describing Archival Materials: The Use of the MARC AMC Format (Cataloging and Classification Quarterly, 11:3-4). A special double-issue. Getty Art History Information Program. Art and Architecture Thesaurus (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989). Orbach, Barbara. "So That Others May See: Tools for Cataloging Still Images," Cataloging and Classification Quarterly, 11:3-4 (Spring 1990). Ritzenthaler, Mary Lynn, Gerald J. Munoff, and Margery S. Long. Archives and Manuscripts: Administration of Photographic Collections. Chicago: Society of American Archivists, 1984. Shatford, Sara. "Describing a Picture: A Thousand Words are Seldom Cost Effective," Cataloging and Classification Quarterly, 4:4. 7.B. ARCHIVES AND COLLECTIONS MANAGEMENT--CATALOGING TOOLS Betz, Elisabeth W. Graphic Materials: Rules for Describing Original Items and Historical Collections. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1982. Baldwin, George. Looking at Photographs: A Guide to Technical Terms. Malibu, Calif.: J. Paul Getty Museum in association with the British Museum, 1991. A dictionary of photographic terms with definitions and a brief historical context, many illustrated. Includes terms useful for identifying processes, physical characteristics, and image-making techniques. Does not include topical subject headings or genres. Katcher, Phillip. "How to date a photograph from its mat," PSA Journal 44:8 (Aug 1978), p. 26. Available from TEC/GA/RIT #R3155-81. Parker, Elisabeth Betz. LC Thesaurus for Graphic Materials: Topical Headings for Subject Access. Washington: Library of Congress, 1987. Petersen, Toni, and Pat Molholt. Beyond the Book: Extending MARC for Subject Access. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1990. ix, 279 pp., illus. Chapters include "The Object as 'Subject': Providing Access to Genres, Forms of MAterial, and Physical Characteristics," by Jackie M. Dooley and Helena Zinkham; "Subject Access to Moving Image Materials in a MARC-Based Online Environment," by Martha Yee; "Visual Depictions and the Use of MARC: A View from the Trenches of Slide Librarianship," by Maryly Snow. Scheinmann, David. "How to date the carte-de-visite," PSA Journal 44:9 (September 1978), pp. 22-23. TEC/GA/RIT #3190-81. Zinkham, Helena, and Elisabeth Betz Parker. Genre/Form and Physical Characteristics Terms: A Thesaurus for Prints, Photographs, Drawings, Ephemera, and Other Graphic Materials. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1986. Genres and physical characteristics intended to be used as headings in catalogs. This list is authorized for use in MARC fields 655 and 755 on most shared cataloging utilities such as OCLC and RLIN. 8. COLLECTION GUIDES O'Connor, Diane Vogt. Guide to Photographic Collections at the Smithsonian Institution. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1989 - V. 1. National Museum of American History (1989, 351 pp., illus.) -- v. 2. National Museum of Natural History, National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (1991, 245 pp.) -- v. 3. Cooper-Hewitt Museum, Freer Gallery of Art, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, National Museum of African Art, National Museum of American Art, National Portrait Gallery, Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Office of Horticulture (1992, xii, 342,  pp., illus.) The first three of five proposed volumes covering all the collections of photographs in the Smithsonian's vast holdings. Describes collections in terms of date, provenance, physical characteristics, subjects, arrangement, availability of captions, finding guides, and restrictions. Photographers are included in the descriptions. Indexed by creator, forms and processes, and subject. Oregon Historical Society. Union Guide to Photograph Collections in the Pacific Northwest. Portland, Oregon: the Society, 1978. xiii+417 pp., ill. Includes collection-level descriptions from repositories in Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington. Pearce-Moses, Richard, comp. Photographic Collections in Texas: A Union Guide. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press, 1987. Pearce-Moses, Richard. Photographic Collections in the Department of Archives and Manuscripts, Arizona State University. Tempe, Arizona: University Libraries, Arizona State University, 1990. Siefried, Christopher, ed. Guide to Canadian Photographic Archives = Guide des Archives Photographiques Canadiennes. Ottawa: Public Archives, Canada, 1984.