|Course:||Laboratory Techniques I|
|Date Offered:||Fall Semester, 1997|
|Location:||Peterborough, Ont. Canada|
|Institution:||Sir Sandford Fleming College|
- This course is designed to teach the student the principles and
techniques of ceramics, glass, stone and metals conservation. This
course combines the understanding of the history of technology with
the characteristics and properties of inorganic materials most
commonly found in museum collections. Students will be provided with
the opportunity to develop practical and theoretical skills in the
identification, assessment, cleaning, stabilization, repair, and
care of inorganic materials through a variety of lab projects.
- A field work component introduces special topics such as
conservation and preservation issues related to cemeteries, stone
buildings and petroglyphs.
- Aim & Learning Outcomes
- To enable students to identify, assess and complete simple
treatments on ceramic, glass, stone and metal objects.
- Learning Outcomes:
- Students will have demonstrated the ability to:
- demonstrate safe work practices (handling, use and disposal of
chemicals and related materials, use of PPE, WHMIS, etc.)
- manage and maintain.work spaces, tools and equipment
- know the characteristics and properties of earthenware,
stoneware and porcelain, glass, stone and metals
- apply knowledge of manufacturing and production processes to
various artifact treatments
- clean ceramics, glass and stone using a variety of methods and
techniques (eg. dry cleaning, aqueous solutions solvents poultices,
- repair, consolidate and gap fill ceramics, glass and stone
objects while maintaining the integrity of the original
- colour tint, colour match and paint replacement fills
- know the behaviours, characteristics and properties of assorted
metals and alloys including historic and archaeological materials
(eg. recognition of corrosion and corrosion by products,
understanding of oxidation and reduction reactions, etc)
- clean metals and metal surfaces using a variety of methods and
techniques (eg. intensive washing and drying; use of sequestering
agents; electrolytic and/or electrochemical reduction; polishes;
rust convertors and other preparations
- stabilize metal surfaces through application of protective
- Course Format
- This course is one of four courses listed in the "super module"
of linked tightly together, are interdependent to each other, and
are foundation courses for the program.
- This course will consist of 6 hours of scheduled laboratory work
per week. Laboratory time may be subject to occasional rescheduling
in order to fit in with field trips, community based projects, group
projects or guest lectures and/or workshops. Students are asked to
remain flexible during the delivery of the course content.
- Additional time outside of scheduled class will be required for
independent study and artifact treatment.
- Course Resources
- Students will be required to purchase:
- An assortment of tools
- Artist brushes
- Clay flower pot
- Small, patterned china plate
- Colour slide film
- Lab coat or apron
- Safety goggles
- Respirator with suitable cartridges
- The Conservation Laboratory will be available for student use on
scheduled evenings and weekends, after students have participated in
the approved WHMIS and First Aid Training.
- A schedule to accommodate the needs of first year and second
year students will be posted as necessary.
- STUDENTS MUST ADHERE TO THE MANDATORY LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS TO
QUALIFY FOR LABORATORY PRIVILEGES.
- Course Content
|Week 1 - Sept. 2||Introduction and Orientation|
WHMIS Training and Laboratory Safety
|Week 2 - Sept. 8||Introduction to Ceramics and Glass|
Conservation, including general types of ceramics.
Assignment of clay pot, joining techniques.
Introduction to adhesives.
Site Visit: Evening viewing of Peterborough
|Week 3 - Sept. 15||Assignment of ceramic plate.|
Gap filling techniques, Inpainting, Colour matching.
|Week 4 - Sept. 22||Ceramics Conservation, stain removal techniques.|
Project Introduction - Adhesive comparisons.
|Week 5 - Sept. 29||Glass conservation exercise.|
Clay pot assignment due.
|Week 6 - Oct. 6||Ceramic plate assignment due.|
Proposed site visit: Stone building or cemetery.
|Week 7 - Oct. 13||Adhesive comparisons.|
Community based project: Site closing Lang Pioneer
|Week 8 - Oct. 20||Independent Study Week|
|Week 9 - Oct. 27||Introduction to Metals Conservation.|
Assignment of Iron Objects.
Documentation of Iron Objects.
Preliminary Treatment of Iron Objects.
|Week 10 - Nov. 3||Conservation/treatment of Iron Objects.|
|Week 11 - Nov. 10||Conservation/treatment of Iron Objects.|
|Week 12 - Nov. 17||Iron objects and adhesive comparisons due.|
Assignment and documentation of Shiny Metal Objects.
|Week 13 - Nov. 24||Conservation/Treatment of Shiny Metal
|Week 14 - Dec. 1||Shiny Metal Objects due.|
|Week 15 - Dec. 8||Laboratory clean-up.|
- Evaluation Criteria:
- The following criteria will be used to evaluate each student's
performance: standard and quality of practical work, efficient use
of scheduled laboratory time, neatness, economical use of materials,
initiative, dedication and interest.
- Criteria for assessment will vary depending on the material
composition of objects and the condition of objects.
- Students are required to keep a Laboratory Joumal. Regular
entries should be made including observations, subject information
and points of interest to student.
|Assignment||Value in Percent||Due
|Shiny Metal Object||15%||Dec.
|Documentation||20%||Nov. 17 &
- Mandatory Requirements
- The Art Conservation Laboratory is to be locked at all times,
when NOT in use. Failure to book the laboratory will result in the
loss of unscheduled access.
- Students will work in the laboratory with at least one other
person (de: the "buddy system").
- Eating, drinking and smoking are not permitted in the
- Students will not be allowed access to the laboratory under the
influence of alcohol or narcotics.
- EACH STUDENT HAS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF PRACTISING SAFE
- Artifacts and course supplies will not be permitted to leave the
laboratory. personal equipment or related belongings.
- Students are required to store personal belongings such as
coats, boots, etc in their lockers.
- Students will respect all artifacts and projects - thereby not
handling any treatments in progress, other than their own, unless
given permission to do so.
- Students are not permitted to use personal property as projects
to be evaluated.
- Students will record unscheduled time spent in the laboratory in
the "lab log".
- Course Policies
- Projects will be evaluated upon the successful completion of the
artifact treatment, and when all written and photographic
documentation is submitted. Failure to provide all necessary
documentation will jeopardize the evaluation process. Students must
complete all course assignments in order to receive a passing
- Late assignments will be penalized 10% per day. The instructor
reserves the right to remove artifacts from students if a treatment
is not progressing consistently; a grade of zero will be given. The
CCM Program has adopted the attached policy on late assignments.
Exceptions may be granted due to circumstances beyond the student's
control, provided that the student contacts the instructor promptly
upon return to the College to discuss alternate arrangements.
- Academic Policies
- 1. Presentation
- Written assignments must be:
- typed or word-processed
- double spaced
- proofed for spelling and grammatical errors
- enclosed with a single cover sheet which includes student name,
title of the assignment and date of submission
- stapled in the top left hand corner (unbound)
- include a bibliography (where appropriate)
- use a recognized method of citation (eg. MLA or Chicago)
- 2. Re-writes
- Faculty may request a re-write of a submission if the criteria
for assessment have not been met.
- Late penalties will apply if the assignment is not re-submitted
the following day.
- 3. Penalties for Late Submissions
- Completion of Term Work
- All assignments must be completed in order for students to
achieve a passing grade.
- Late Assignments
- Late assignments receive the following penalty:
- Marks will be deducted at the rate of 10% per day for three days
after which assignments are marked at zero.
- Faculty are not obliged to provide feedback on assignments
marked at zero.
- Oral presentations and/or practical test or projects for
evaluation must be delivered on the day scheduled. A "no show" will
be graded at zero, unless adequate explanation is provided.
- 4. Academic Integrity
- Plagiarism is a serious breach of academic integrity and the
college has a strict policy on this issue (see Academic
- It is a student's responsibility to ensure that all written
submissions include an appropriate method of in text citation as
well as an accompanying bibliography.
- Seminar and oral presentations should be supported by a
bibliography and sources should be referred to during the
- 5. Make-up Tests
- In valid circumstances (ill-health, personal crisis), a student
may be given a make-up test to compensate for one missed in
class-time. Students must contact the instructor within seven days
of the original test in order to request a make-up.
- 6. Extensions & GDFS
- An extension may be granted to an individual student based on
need and circumstance. Medical grounds should be substantiated.
- The revised due date will be recorded and signed by both
- The entire class may be given an extension, at the discretion of
- Incomplete a Grade Deferred marks at the end of the semester
must be negotiated between student and faculty (see Academic
Regulations). Note: these are a privilege to be granted under
special circumstances, not used in order to compensate for poor
- 7. Site Work
- Students must agree to work within the parameters of the
guidelines established for site work. Failure to comply, may result
in the termination of project and suspension of the privilege of
Additional references and reading materials will be posted or
- Required Text:
- Science for Conservators Series
Book I - Introduction to Materials Book 2 -
Cleaning Book 3 - Adhesives and Coatings, Crafts
Canadian Conservation Institute. C.C.I. Notes. Ottawa: Department of
Cronyn, J.M. The Elements of Archaeological
Conservation. London: Routledge. 1990
Knell, Simon. Care of Collections. London: Routledge.
Rossol, Monona. The Artist's Complete Health and Safety
Guide. New York: Allworth Press. 1994
- Grade 12 Chemistry