|Course:||510.108 Materials science of art and cultural
|Date Offered:||Spring 1998|
|Instructor:||Jerome Kruger (and guests)|
|Institution:||Johns Hopkins University, Materials Science and
|1/27||Lili Ott - JHU, Art and materials at
|2/3||Robert B. Pond Sr., JHU - Introduction to materials
used in art objects|
|2/10||Robert B.Pond, Jr., JHU - Metals: The casting of
metallic art objects|
Reading: Maryon and Plenderleith
|2/17||Jerome Kruger, JHU - The production of art objects by
Reading: Hodges "Chapter 4: Copper and Copper Alloys."
Homewood Museum survey due.
|2/24||Jerome Kruger, JHU - Corrosion: The degradation of art
|3/3||Shelley Sturman, National Gallery of Art - Scientific
analysis of art and cultural objects|
Article Abstract #1 due.
|3/10||Johanna Bernstein, JHU - techniques for the analysis of
Reading: Feller Stolow and Jones
Baltimore Museum of Art survey due. Quiz #1. Turn in choice of
object for Final Project for approval.
|3.24||Johanna Bernstein, JHU - Wood and its use in art
|3/31||Donna Strahan, Walters Art Gallery - Organic materials
used in art objects|
Article abstract #2 due.
|4/7||Chandra Reedy, University of Delaware - Early American
|4/14||Melanie Gifford, National gallery of art - Conservation
science of paintings at the National gallery of Art|
|4/21||Jacqueline Olin, Conservation Analytical Laboratory -
Study of early European Contact Ceramics|
Reading: Hodges "Chapter 1: Pottery"
Article abstract #3 due.
|4/28||Priscilla Anderson, Walters Art Gallery - Material
science of Paper|
Final Project due
- Guidelines for Writing an Abstract
- 1. Makes sure the reference is in an accepted bibliographic
format. Look in a style guide or writing handbook for acceptable
forms. Do not make one up. Make sure that the following information
- for articles
- author, title,journal,volume numbers, page numbers
- for a chapter in a book
- author, title, chapter title, publisher, year, page numbers
- 2. Make sure that what you write contains:
- a. a statement of purpose, statement of a problem or a
- b. the procedure or methods used in the research.
- c. a statement of results.
- d. a statement of a conclusion.
- An abstract does not contain the details of the article. An
abstract is a bibliographic tool which is meant to inform a
researcher what can be found in an article so that he or she will
know if the article is an appropriate resource for this or her
research. Be concise.
- 3. Mathematical formulas, diagrams and other illustrative
materials are not appropriate in an abstract.
- 4. Make sure that the abstract is no longer than 250 words.
- Sample Abstract
D.R. Abbott and D.M. Schaller,"Electron Microprobe and
Petrographic Analyses of Prehistoric Hohokam Pottery to Determine
Ceramic Exchange within the Salt River Valley, Arizona,"
Materials Issues in Art and Archaeology II, 1985 eds.
P.B. Vandiver, J. Druzik and G.S. Wheeler (Materials Research
Society, Pittsburgh, PA) 441-453
Chemical assays with an electron microprobe in conjunction with
petrographic data are used to test hypotheses about the production
and exchange of Hohokam pottery within the Salt River Valley,
Arizona. Several pottery varieties based on temper petrology are
associated with ten distinct zones of mutually distinguishable rock
types within the valley. Hypotheses about the utilization of the
rock types for local pottery production at particular location are
tested with microprobe assays of the pottery's clay fraction. The
associations between clay and temper types distinguish locally
produced pottery from imported ceramics. Results from the site of
Pueblo Grande are discussed. They indicate a complicated pattern of
temper procurements and the exchange of large quantities of plain
and redware pots within and between the canal systems situated in
the Salt River valley.
- Additional information and requirements about abstracts In the
reference for your abstract (placed at the top of the page) provide:
author, article title,book or journal title, editors, volume
numbers, publisher, place and date of publication, and page numbers.
Do not write abstracts of encyclopedia or newspaper articles.
- Final Project
- 1. pick an object at Baltimore Museum of Art, the Walters Art
Gallery< Homewood Museum, or any other local museum. Turn in your
object choice for approval by 3/10. You must be able to look at the
object in person. Include the museum name, catalogue or accession
number, and object title in your report.
- 2. Describe briefly how that object was constructed. The
technical literature should be used liberally to develop your
description of the object and the techniques used to produce it.
(1-2 pages will be sufficient)
- 3. List the materials used to make the object;
- identify the materials as organic, inorganic, or a
- Determine whether the materials are used as primary support,
secondary support, attachments, surface layer, decorative layer, or
for other purposes.
- 4. Select one or a group of the materials identified in part 3
and describe it or them analytically:
- Describe the chemical nature of the material(s).
- Describe the properties of the materials(s), i.e. aging
properties,mechanical properties, etc.
- 5. Describe the kinds of analytical techniques that could be
used to identify the materials(s)you have chosen to analyze in part
- 6. Four pages should be the maximum length of your Final Project
report. You should employ end-notes to list the references (same
format as that for the abstracts) used. You should use a minimum of
3 or 4 references. include a photograph`, sketch, Xerox of a
published photo, or a museum post card of the chosen object.
NOTE: PLEASE CHOOSE THE OBJECT FOR YOUR FINAL PROJECT AND SUBMIT
YOUR CHOICE (LISTING THE OBJECT, THE MUSEUM WHERE IT IS LOCATED AND
ITS ACCESSION NUMBER) FOR APPROVAL BY FEBRUARY 25.
- Short multiple choice or true-false quizzes will be given during
the semester which will primarily cover material from the readings
but may also include material from previous lectures. You will be
allowed to use your notes (but NOT your neighbor or your neighbor's
notes) during the quiz. Each quiz will last no more than 10 minutes
of class time.
- Grades will be based on:
|(1) 25%||Abstracts. #1 due 3/3|
2 due 3/31
3 due 4/21
|(2) 5%||Homewood Museum object survey, due 2/17|
Baltimore Museum object survey, due 3/10
-you must complete both to receive any credit
|(3) 15%||Quizzes, #1 will be on 3/10|
#2 will be on 4/14
|(4) 25%||Final project, due 4/28|
|(5) 30%||Final exam, 5/7|
- Museum Object Survey
- The purpose of the museum object survey is to familiarize
yourself with analyzing an object form the point of view of
construction rather than form. This will help you in completing your
final project. All of the object to be analyzed are located either
in the Homewood Museum (open Tuesday through Sunday) or in the
Baltimore Museum f Art (open Wednesday through Sunday).
- The objects are to be analyzed in terms of primary and secondary
support structures, attachments, surface and finish. These terms
will be explained in class. Answers are not meant to be detailed,
but should show that you have an understanding of the purpose of
each material used in constructing the object. Use the materials
listed on the object labels as s GUIDE ONLY! Trust what you see
first. The labels are often incomplete and may even be wrong.
- There will be three abstracts (a sample abstract is attached).
The articles will be handed out in class. You are to write an
abstract for each article. The abstracts must be a MAXIMUM of 250
words in length. The reference should be at the top of the abstract
and serve as the title. Do not make up your own title. Use the
sample abstract s a guide as to what should be included in the
abstract. Please remember that you will be penalized for spelling
and grammar errors.
- If these requirements are not followed your grade will be
lowered. late abstracts will be downgraded one letter grade/week.
See the TA BEFORE the due date if you have any problems or would
like some help.
- REQUIRED READING LIST
- Readings are on reserve in MSEL. there are 5 Xerox copies of
- Maryon,H. and H.J. Plenderleith. "Chapter 23: Fine Metal-Work,"
in A History of Technology, Singer Holmyard and Hall,
eds. (1954, Oxford), pp. 623- 662.
- Kruger, J. "Corrosion Mechanisms on Historical Monuments," in
The Statue of Liberty Restoration, R. Baboian, E.B.
Cliver, and E. Lawrence, eds.. NACE October 20-22 1986 pp.
- Hodges, H. "Chapter 4: Copper and Copper Alloys, "
Artifacts: An Introduction to Primitive Technology,
1964, (New York: Frederick A. Praeger), pp. 64-79.
- Hodges, H. "Chapter 1: Pottery," Artifacts: An
Introduction to Primitive Technology, 1964, (New York:
Frederick A. Praeger), pp.19-41.
- Brill, R.H. "Ancient glass," Scientific American,
Vol. 209 No.5, November 1963, pp. 120-131.
- Mayer, Ralph. "Chapter 1: Introductory notes," The
Artist's Handbook of Materials and Techniques, (New York:
Viking Press), pp. 1-31.
- Feller, R. L., N. Stolow and E.H. Jones. "Chapter 1: Description
of Solvent- type Varnish," On picture varnishes and the their
solvents, 1985 (Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art)
- Hoadley, R.B. "Chapter 1: The nature of Wood," and Chapter 4:
Water and Wood." Understanding Wood, 1980, (Newton, CT:
The Taunton Press) pp. 1-17, 67-75.
- Paper and Bookmaking
- Hunter, Dard. "IV: Early Papermaking Processes and Methods,"
Papermaking - The History and Technique of an Ancient
Craft. New York: Dover, 1978.