JAIC 2003, Volume 42, Number 3, Article 4 (pp. 419 to 424)
JAIC online
Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 2003, Volume 42, Number 3, Article 4 (pp. 419 to 424)




Cunningham, R.1890. Substitute process: The wax process. Unpublished manuscript. Graphic Arts Collection, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C.

Encyclop�dia Britannica. 2001. www.eb.com (accessed 11/7/01).

Gascoigne, B.1986. How to identify prints. New York: Thames and Hudson.

Haas, P. S.2001. Personal communication. Former employee of Haas Wax Engraving, Buffalo, N. Y.

Hackleman, C.1921. Commercial engraving and printing: A manual of practical instruction and reference covering commercial illustrating and printing by all processes. Indianapolis: Commercial Engraving Publishing Co.

Harris, E. M.1968. Experimental graphic processes in England,1800–1859. Journal of the Printing Historical Society4:33–86.

Inland Printer. 1922. Wax process engraving. Inland Printer68 (February): 1.

Kubiak, R.1978. George Cruikshank, printmaker (1792–1878): Selections from the Richard Volger Collection. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Santa Barbara Museum.

Morse, S.1842. Cerographic atlas of the United States. NewYork: Morse.

Palmer, E.1843. Glyphography; or, Engraved drawing, for printing at the type press after the manner of woodcuts. 2d ed.London: privately printed.

Poates, L. L.1913. Poates wax engraving superiority: For maps, charts and diagrams, mechanical and scientific illustrations, commercial headings and ruled forms. 2d ed.London: S&J Bentley, Wilson and Fley.

Robinson, A.1975. Mapmaking and map printing. In Five centuries of map printing, ed.DavidWoodward. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press. 1–24.

Savage, W.[1841] 1966. A dictionary of the art of printing. Reprint, London: Gregg Press.

Woodward, D.1977. The all-American map: Wax engraving and its influence on cartography. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.

Woodward, D., ed.1987–present. The history of cartography. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.


NANCY PURINTON graduated with an M.S. degree in art conservation from the University of Delaware program at Winterthur. She had internships at Harvard University and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, both of which resulted in published research. She was the curator of conservation at the Norton Simon Museum in Pasadena, California, and then moved to Philadelphia, where she became a senior paper conservator at the Conservation Center for Art and Historic Artifacts. Currently she is the paper conservator for the National Park Service at the Department of Conservation in Harpers Ferry, West Virginia. Address: National Park Service, Harpers Ferry Center, P.O. Box 50, Harpers Ferry, W. Va. 25425

Copyright � 2003 American Institution for Conservation of Historic & Artistic Works