JAIC 2001, Volume 40, Number 1, Article 4 (pp. 43 to 57)
JAIC online
Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 2001, Volume 40, Number 1, Article 4 (pp. 43 to 57)




Barclay, R.1981. Wood consolidation on an eighteenth century English fire engine. Studies in Conservation26(4):133–39.

Blanchette, R. A.1998. A guide to wood deterioration caused by microorganisms and insects. In The structural conservation of panel paintings, ed.K.Dardes and A.Rothe. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute. 55–68.

Blanchette, R. A., J. E.Haight, R. T. J.Koestler, P. B.Hatchfield, and D.Arnold. 1994. Assessment of deterioration in archaeological wood from ancient Egypt. Journal of the American Institute for Conservation33:55–70.

Blanchette, R. A., T.Nilsson, G.Daniel, and A.Abad. 1990. Biological degradation of wood. In Archaeological wood: Properties, chemistry, and preservation, ed.R. M.Rowell and R. J.Barbour. Advances in Chemistry series 225. Washington, D. C.: American Chemical Society. 141–74.

Blanchette, R. A., and E.Simpson. 1992. Soft rot and wood pseudomorphs in an ancient coffin (700 BC) from Tumulus MM at Gordion, Turkey. International Association of Wood Anatomists Bulletin13:201–13.

Carlson, S., and A. P.Schniewind. 1990. Residual solvents in wood-consolidant composites. Studies in Conservation35:26–32.

Grattan, D. W.1980. Consolidants for degraded and damaged wood. In Proceedings of the Furniture and Wooden Objects Symposium. Ottawa: Canadian Conservation Institute. 27–42.

Hatchfield, P. B., and R. J.Koestler. 1987. Scanning electron microscopic examination of archaeological wood structure altered by consolidation treatments.Scanning Microscopy1(3):1059–69.

Horie, C. V. 1987. Materials for conservation. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Howie, F. M. P.1984. Materials used for conserving fossil specimens since 1930: A review. In Adhesives and consolidants, ed.N. S.Brommelle et al. London: International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works. 92–97.

Munnikendam, R. A.1978. Consolidation of fragile wood with low viscosity aliphatic epoxy resins. In Conservation of wood in painting and the decorative arts, ed.N. S.Brommelle et al. London: International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works. 71–73.

Munnikendam, R. A., and Wolschrijn, T. J.1969. Further remarks on impregnation of porous materials with monomers. Studies in Conservation14(3):132–35.

Payton, R. E. 1984a. The conservation of an eighth century BC table from Gordion. In Adhesives and consolidants, ed.N. S.Brommelle et al. London: International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works. 133–37.

Payton, R. E.1984b. The conservation of screens A and B from Gordion. Unpublished typescript. Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, Ankara.

Sakuno, T., and A. P.Schniewind. 1990. Adhesive qualities of consolidants for deteriorated wood. Journal of the American Institute for Conservation29:33–34.

Schaffer, E.1971. Consolidation of softwood artifacts. Studies in Conservation15(3):110–13.

Schaffer, E.1974. Consolidation of painted wooden artifacts. Studies in Conservation19(4):212–21.

Schniewind, A. P., and P. Y.Eastman. 1994. Consolidant distribution in deteriorated wood treated with soluble resins. Journal of the American Institute for Conservation33:247–55.

Simpson, E.1996. Phrygian furniture from Gordion. In The furniture of Western Asia: Ancient and traditional, ed.G.Herrmann. Mainz: Philipp von Zabern.

Simpson, E., and K.Spirydowicz. 1999. Gordion wooden furniture. The study, conservation and reconstruction of the furniture and wooden objects from Gordion, 1981-1998.Ankara: Museum of Anatolian Civilizations.

Skeist, I., ed.1977. Handbook of adhesives. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Solutia Inc.1999. Butvar, polyvinyl butyral resin, properties & uses. Publication 2008084D. St. Louis, Mo.

Spirydowicz, K.1996. The conservation of ancient Phrygian furniture from Gordion, Turkey. In Archaeological conservation and its consequences, ed.A.Roy et al. London: International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works. 146–50.

Toutloff, M.1999. The effect of intense environmental conditions on Butvar B-98. MAC research project report. Kingston, Ontario: Queen's University.

Wang, Y., and A. P.Schniewind. 1985. Consolidation of deteriorated wood with soluble resins. Journal of the American Institute for Conservation24:77–91.

Young, R. S.1957. Field notebook, vol. 63. University Museum, Philadelphia.

Young, R. S.1981. Three great early Tumuli: Gordion excavations final reports, vol. 1. Philadelphia: University Museum.


KRYSIA E. SPIRYDOWICZ is associate professor in the Art Conservation Program, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada. From 1979 to 1985, she held the position of coordinator of the Art Conservation Techniques Program at Sir Sandford Fleming College, Peterborough, Ontario. Her research interests include the conservation of wooden artifacts and archaeological materials. Ms. Spirydowicz has participated in numerous international projects in Italy, Israel, the Sudan, and Iran. Since 1990, she has held the position of senior conservator for the Gordion Furniture Project, based at the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations in Ankara, Turkey. Address: Art Conservation Program, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada

ELIZABETH SIMPSON, Ph. D., is associate professor of Ancient Art with the Bard Graduate Center for Studies in the Decorative Arts in New York. In 1981, she established the Gordion Furniture Project for the purposes of conservation, research, and publication of the royal wooden furniture from Gordion, Turkey. As director of the project, she has published extensively on the subjects of Phrygian furniture and ancient woodworking technology. In 1995, she organized an important international conference to discuss issues surrounding the restitution of cultural property looted during World War II, and she subsequently edited the volume of conference papers entitled Spoils of War. Address: Bard Graduate Center for Studies in the Decorative Arts, 18 West 86th Street, NewYork, N. Y. 10024

ROBERT A. BLANCHETTE, Ph. D., is a professor in the Department of Plant Pathology at the University of Minnesota. His research activities on wood microbiology and biodeterioration have focused on elucidating degradation processes in archaeological wood from different environments. His most recent work involves an assessment of biodeterioration in extreme environments, ranging from the historic huts of the Ross Sea Region of Antarctica to the buried tomb within Tumulus MM at Gordion, Turkey. Address: Department of Plant Pathology, 1991 Upper Buford Circle, 495 Borlaug Hall, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minn. 55108-6030. E-mail: robertb@puccini.crl.umn.edu

ARNO P. SCHNIEWIND is Professor of Forestry, Emeritus, and has been associated with the Forest Products Laboratory of the University of California since 1956. He became interested in the application of wood science to the conservation of wood artifacts in 1982, and has been a member of AIC since 1984. He has recently been working on a book on conservation of wood artifacts together with a husband-and-wife team in Germany. Address: University of California, Forest Products Laboratory, 1301 South 46th St., Richmond, Calif. 94804-4698

MAURAY K. TOUTLOFF received her B. Sc. in biology from the University of Regina in Saskatchewan in 1996, and her M. A.C. from Queen's University in 1999. She is currently working as a private conservator in Victoria, British Columbia. Address: 125 Kingston St.,Victoria, British Columbia, V8V 1V3, Canada

ALISON MURRAY is assistant professor in the Art Conservation Program at Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario. She received her honors B. Sc. in chemistry from McGill University and her M. Sc. and Ph. D. degrees in materials science and engineering with a specialization in conservation science from a joint program between Johns Hopkins University and the Smithsonian Institution. She has held fellowships at the Analytical Research Services Division, Canadian Conservation Institute, and in the Scientific Department, National Gallery, London, the latter funded by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation. Her areas of research include the investigation of degradation in art objects using microscopy, nondestructive methods, and other analytical techniques, as well as the identification of artists' materials and techniques. Address as for Spirydowicz

Copyright � 2001 American Institution for Conservation of Historic & Artistic Works