JAIC 2001, Volume 40, Number 1, Article 1 (pp. 01 to 14)
JAIC online
Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 2001, Volume 40, Number 1, Article 1 (pp. 01 to 14)




1. Other large collections of the East City type puppets are in the Museum of Folk Art, Hamburg; the Asian Art Museum, San Francisco; the Volkekunde Museum, Leiden, Netherlands; the Ethnographic Museum of Sweden, Stockholm; and the Lederschaft Museum, Offenbach, Germany.

2. In her master's thesis, Mary Hirsch gives a detailed, academic survey of the history of Chinese shadow theater, referring to historic texts and play scripts. Additionally, Hirsch presents detailed distinctions between the different schools of shadow puppetry.

3. Caretakers of similar collections who have noted sticking problems include those at the Asian Art Museum in San Francisco and the Museum of Folk Art in Hamburg, as well as various private collectors.


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Erda, B.1979. Shadow images of Asia: A selection of shadow puppets from the American Museum of Natural History. New York: Katonah Gallery.

Gettens, R. J., and G. L.Stout.1942. Painting materials: A short encyclopedia. New York: Dover.

Hirsch, M.1998. Chinese shadow theater playscripts: Two translations. M. A. thesis, University of Washington, Seattle.

Jilin, L.1988. Chinese shadow puppet plays. Beijing: Morning Glory.

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Odegaard, N., M.Crawford, and W.Zimmt. 1997. The use of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) film for storage supports. Journal of the American Museum of Natural History36(3):249–51.

Sima, Q.1959. Shi ji (Records of the historian). Beijing: Zhonghua shuju.

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Wimsatt, G.1936. Chinese shadow shows. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Woods, C.1997. Repairing parchment with collagen. April 16, 1997. Conservation distribution list archive: http://palimpsest.stanford.edu/byform/mailinglists/cdl/1997/0513.html


Benton, P.1972. Chinese shadow plays. New York: Asia Society.

Dolby, W.1961. The origins of Chinese puppetry. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies41(1):97–120.

Hsu, T.1984. The Chinese conception of theater. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Laufer, B.1923. Oriental theatricals. Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History.

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March, B.1938. Chinese shadow figure plays and their making. Handbook 11. Detroit: Puppetry Imports.

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UCLA Museum of Cultural History. 1963. Asian puppets: Wall of the world. Los Angeles: University of California.


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LISA KRONTHAL received a B.A. in art history from the University of Rochester in 1988 and an M.A. and certificate of advanced study in art conservation from the State University College at Buffalo in 1993. She pursued her graduate internship at the Brooklyn Museum of Art focusing on archaeological conservation, specifically working with ancient Egyptian collections. She began working at the American Museum of Natural History as an assistant objects conservator in 1994 and remains there as an associate conservator in the Anthropology Division, specializing in archaeological and ethnographic objects. She is a Professional Associate of AIC and currently co-chairs the conservation committee within the Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections (SPNHC). Address: Anthropology Division, American Museum of Natural History, 79th St. at Central Park West, New York, N.Y. 10024.

Copyright � 2001 American Institution for Conservation of Historic & Artistic Works