JAIC 1996, Volume 35, Number 2, Article 2 (pp. 99 to 107)
JAIC online
Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 1996, Volume 35, Number 2, Article 2 (pp. 99 to 107)




1.. The following terms are also used in relation to indigenous peoples referred to in this article: Native Americans, First Nations, First Peoples, and aboriginal.


AIC. 1995. Code of ethics and guidelines for practice. In AIC directory. Washington, D.C.: American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works. 22–29.

Ames, M.1992.Cannibal tours and glass boxes: The anthropology of museums. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.

Clavir, M.1992. An examination of the conservation code of ethics in relation to collections from First Peoples. In First peoples art and artifacts: Heritage and conservation issues, ed.K.Spirydowicz. Art Conservation Training Programs 18th Annual Conference, Professional Papers. Kingston, Ont. Canada: Art Conservation Program, Queen's University. 1–2.

Doxtator, D.1994. The implications of Canadian nationalism on aboriginal cultural autonomy. In Curatorship: Indigenous perspectives in post-colonial societies. Symposium papers. Victoria, B. C., Canada: Cultural Resource Management Program, University of Victoria, and Commonwealth Association of Museums. 22.

Feest, C. F.1995. “Repatriation”: A European view on the question of restitution of Native American artifacts. European Review of Native American Studies9(2):33–42.

Handler, R.1992. On the valuing of museum objects. Museum Anthropology16(1):21–28.

ICOMOS. 1993. ICOMOS New Zealand charter for the conservation of places of cultural heritage value. Auckland, New Zealand: ICOMOS N.Z. Sec. 2.

IIC-CG and CAPC. 1989. Code of ethics and guidance for practice for those involved in the conservation of cultural property in Canada. Ottawa: International Institute for Conservation–Canadian Group.

Kerr, R.1995. Personal communication. Victoria and Albert Museum, London, England.

Matas, R.1993. The day Ottawa gutted a culture. Globe and Mail (Ottawa). January 16, 1993: A1,4.

Merrill, R.1990. Conservation in institutions today: How it differs from the past. In Shared responsibility: A seminar for curators and conservators, ed.B.Ramsay-Jolicoeur and I. N. M.Wainwright. Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada. 170.

Patton, M. Q.1990. Qualitative evaluation and research methods. Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage Publications.

Pearce, S.1992. Museums, objects and collections: A cultural study. Leicester and London: Leicester University Press.

Sarris, G.1993. Keeping slug woman alive: A holistic approach to American Indian texts. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Sparrow, L.1995. Personal communication. Musqueam Indian Band, Vancouver, B.C., Canada.

UKIC. 1981. Guidance for conservation practice. London: United Kingdom Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works.

Ward, P.1986. The nature of conservation: A race against time. Marina del Rey, Calif.: Getty Conservation Institute.


MIRIAM CLAVIR received an honors B.A. in anthropology and archaeology from the University of Toronto and a master of art conservation from Queen's University. She has worked in conservation at the Royal Ontario Museum and for Parks Canada in Ottawa and Quebec City and since 1980 has been the conservator at the University of British Columbia Museum of Anthropology in Vancouver. She teaches courses in preventive conservation and lectures in museum principles and methods for the UBC Department of Anthropology. Address: 6393 N.W. Marine Dr., Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z2, Canada.

Copyright � 1997 American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works