JAIC 1994, Volume 33, Number 2, Article 11 (pp. 199 to 210)
JAIC online
Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 1994, Volume 33, Number 2, Article 11 (pp. 199 to 210)




The final step in this analysis involves replotting the results of profiling (fig. 1) onto a psychrometric chart. The ASHRAE fundamentals handbook (ASHRAE 1989) gives the relations and coefficients used to achieve the replotting (fig. 9). As this plot indicates, there is a continuous segmented line that contains the same information as the two lines (vapor pressure and saturation vapor pressure) arising from the profile analysis.

Fig. 9. The results of profiling shown in figure 1 are replotted on a psychrometric chart. The temperature, absolute humidity, and relative humidity of each component and surface in the assembly can be determined. This analysis assumes moisture transfer by diffusion only.

Fig. 10. Convection effects are illustrated. If humid air enters the building cavity, saturation conditions are possible, as shown in the light shaded area. Convective effects will vary greatly depending on the path of air flow. During winter, as illustrated here, air entering from outside (infiltration) is desirable. The reverse is true during summer cooling.

The advantage of replotting the profile is this: overlays of material moisture contents and damage potential can be superimposed on the profile, giving an instant indication of the moisture content at any point in the assembly and noting any risk associated with conditions within the assembly. In the hypothetical case shown, the inside of the sheathing would be at a high moisture content, but below saturation and at a temperature too low to permit extensive mold growth.

This technique overcomes the first problem posed by classical profiling techniques: that the information put out is sketchy. Now the information can include moisture content and damage risk. But the other simplifying assumptions (convection and transient effects) must be addressed.

Copyright � 1994 American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works