JAIC 1984, Volume 23, Number 2, Article 1 (pp. 73 to 87)
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Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 1984, Volume 23, Number 2, Article 1 (pp. 73 to 87)

SOME PICTURE CLEANING CONTROVERSIES: PAST AND PRESENT∗∗This paper constituting the George L. Stout Memorial Lecture was presented at the AIC Annual Meeting, Baltimore, 1983. It was prepared for delivery conjointly with 38 color slides, presenting as many images as time allowed to feature 24 paintings touched by controversy. The slides were projected as the pictures appear today, simultaneously with a reading of complaints and replies of participants in the controversies. Only those treated in recent times permitted comparison of their appearance before and after cleaning. For publication in the Journal of the American Institute of Conservation numerous revisions were necessary and considerably fewer illustrations could be used. The paper is published here without individual footnote references to sources, but a bibliographical listing of the texts consulted in preparing the lecture is appended.

Sheldon Keck


Armenini, G.B., Of the True Precepts of the Art of Painting, 1587. Edward J.Olszewski (Transl.), Burt Franklin & Co.1977.

Bergeon, S.; Emile-Male, G.; Faillant-Dumas, L., Restauration des Peintures, �dition de la R�union des Mus�es Nationaux, Paris, 1980.

Brommelle, Norman, “Materials for a History of Conservation”, Studies in Conservation, 2 (1956): 176–186.

Brommelle, Norman, “Controversy in 1846”, Museums Journal, LVI (1967): 257–262.

Emile-Male, Gilberte, Restauration des Peintures de Chevalet, Office duLivre, S.A.Fribourg (Suisse), 1976, Societ� Fran�ais du Livre, Paris.

Ettlinger, L.D. & Ottino della Chiesa, A., The Complete Paintings of Leonardo da Vinci, Harry N. Abrams, Inc., New York, 1967.

Gerson, Horst, Rembrandt Paintings, William Morrow, New York1967.

Guillerme, Jacques, l'Atelier du Temps, Hermann, Paris, 1964.

Heaton, Mrs.Charles W., Leonardo da Vinci and his Works, Macmillan & Co., London & New York, 1874.

Hendy, Philip, An Exhibition of Cleaned Pictures, The National Gallery, London, 1947.

Jex-Blake, K., (transl.), The Elder Pliny's Chapters on the History of Art, Argonaut Inc., Chicago, 1968.

Lucas, A. & Plesters, J., “Titian's ‘Bacchus and Ariadne’,” National Gallery Technical Bulletin, London, 2 (1978): 25–47.

Marijnissen, R.H., Degradation, Conservation, Restauration de l'Oeuvre d'Art, Vols 1 & 2, Editions Arcade, Brussels, 1976.

Moreau-Vauthier, C., La Peinture, Librairie Hachette & Cie., Paris, 1913.

Munz, Eugene, Leonardo da Vinci, Vol 1, Wm. Heinemann, London, 1898; Chas. Scribner's Sons, New York, 1898.

Pach, Walter, (transl.), The Journal of Eugene Delacroix, Covici-Friede, New York, 1937.

Pope-Hennessy, John, Raphael, New York University Press, 1970.

Redgrave, Richard & Samuel, A Century of British Painters, Smith, Elder & Co., London, 1866; Republished Phaidon Press, London, 1947.

Ruhemann, Helmut, The Cleaning of Pictures, Faber & Faber, London, 1968.

Stout, George L., The Care of Pictures, Columbia University Press, New York, 1948.

UNESCO, The Care of Paintings, Unesco Publication 778, Paris. A monograph compiled from articles which first appeared in Museum, III, 2 & 3 (1950), IV, 1 (1951).

Vasari, Giorgio, The Lives of the Painters, Sculptors and Architects, J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London; E.P.Dutton, New York, 1927.

vanSchendel, A. & Mertens, H.H., “De Restaurates van Rembrandt's Nachtwacht,” Oud Holland, 62, I & II, (1947).

WheelockJr., Arthur K., “The Mill: Its History and Mystic”, De Kroniek van het Rembrandthuis, 29, (1977): 20–32.

Wilenski, R.N., French Painting, Hale, Cushman & Flint Inc., Boston, 1931.

Wyld, Martin, “Three National Gallery Claudes”, National Gallery Technical Bulletin, London, 4, (1980): 49–59.

Copyright � 1984 American Institute of Historic and Artistic Works